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Destination UK Born Abroad - An immigration map of Britain Born Abroad: An immigration map of Britain
How different immigrant groups perform
Economic success comes down to factors including skills, the labour landscape, employment law and even racism. Some migration is not primarily for economic reasons, such as refugees and students.

What is clear is that there is a wide disparity in performance between and within nationalities. For instance, Bangladesh-born people can be said to do really badly. But this has a lot to do with the jobs they tend to come to, and there are improvements over time.

Crucially, we can see new migrants in poorly paid jobs - indicating how demand for cheap labour plays a key role in migration economics.

Bar chart showing percentage of new immigrants earning below half UK median wage: Bangladesh 63.3%; Ex-Czechoslovakia 47.92%; Malawi 45.45%; Hong Kong 44.44%; China 38.16%.

In the table below, low earners are people earning less than 149.20 a week (half the UK median wage), high earners are people earning more than 750 a week.
Click column titles to sort table by that column.
Immigrants' economic performance
NEW IMMIGRANTS (%) SETTLED IMMIGRANTS (%)
Sort by:

Employed Low earners High earners Employed Low earners High earners
New Zealand 93.56 5.97 25.37 81.52 15.07 27.40
Iran 31.71 33.33 12.12 76.09 12.9 24.19
Sri Lanka 60.08 28.44 1.83 79.6 10 22.50
South Africa 81.52 10.28 13.61 75.79 15.09 18.40
Netherlands 75.91 6.56 31.15 76.4 23.64 18.18
Uganda 47.03 n/a n/a 74.94 7.6 16.66
USA 68.08 7.78 40.56 76.05 18.07 16.27
Malaysia 58.22 36.84 7.89 83.95 7.32 16.26
Canada 82.76 16.9 15.49 78.12 13.25 15.89
Zimbabwe 73.17 16.95 4.52 81.09 6.33 15.19
Nigeria 61.15 18.48 13.04 72.93 14.17 15.00
Australia 90.57 6.76 27.03 81.92 11.98 14.37
Malawi n/a n/a n/a n/a 25 12.50
Kenya 60.95 19.61 5.88 77.06 12.81 11.14
Zambia 62.33 n/a n/a 80.41 14.47 10.53
France 72.46 8 14.29 71.66 24.73 9.68
India 65.98 16.43 18.13 62.85 15.9 7.88
Spain 71.22 15.05 2.15 71.48 23.44 7.81
Germany 68.8 20.48 13.25 75.46 21 7.55
Poland 70.6 23.64 1.82 66 31.71 7.32
British Isles* 73.49 21.08 6.98 73.49 21.08 6.98
Pakistan 44.02 35.4 3.73 43.87 23.02 6.75
Hong Kong 46.6 44.44 8.33 74.13 24.48 6.29
Portugal 70.68 13.39 2.68 68.57 14 6.00
Ghana 63.7 17.19 3.13 69.51 15.04 5.31
Italy 73.42 13.27 13.27 72.06 22.56 4.51
Jamaica 54.41 29.79 0 65.21 12.84 4.28
Bangladesh 42.75 63.33 2.22 40.01 39.02 4.27
Turkey 41.61 31.94 2.78 48.11 26.67 3.33
Philippines 85.4 12.8 0.61 77.91 15.38 1.28
Trinidad n/a 7.14 7.14 n/a 15.38 0.00
West Indies n/a n/a n/a n/a 14.75 0.00
Algeria 46.48 n/a n/a 59.96 n/a n/a
Angola 30.07 n/a n/a 81.17 n/a n/a
Belgium 75.81 20 16.67 76.93 n/a n/a
Brazil 57.38 n/a n/a 80.7 n/a n/a
Bulgaria 82.58 n/a n/a 70.63 n/a n/a
China 35.81 38.16 3.95 58.58 n/a n/a
Colombia 49.96 n/a n/a 66.48 n/a n/a
Cyprus 35.44 n/a n/a 60.93 n/a n/a
Denmark 65.26 n/a n/a 86.2 n/a n/a
Egypt 55.98 n/a n/a 70.33 n/a n/a
Ethiopia 32.28 n/a n/a 64.44 n/a n/a
Ex-Czechoslovakia 72.99 47.92 n/a 71.55 n/a n/a
Ex-USSR 54.67 29.3 6.4 n/a n/a n/a
Ex-Yugoslavia 35.32 21.82 5.45 64.2 n/a n/a
Finland 75.83 10.81 13.51 74.01 n/a n/a
Greece 49.81 17.5 7.5 72.52 n/a n/a
Iraq 37.98 26.32 7.89 77.71 n/a n/a
Japan 47.06 17.39 23.91 63.15 n/a n/a
Korea 35.39 n/a n/a 34.56 n/a n/a
Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Mauritius 75.2 n/a n/a 69.34 n/a n/a
Norway 62.76 n/a n/a 77.46 n/a n/a
Somalia 12.17 n/a n/a 38.02 n/a n/a
Sweden 69.55 4.55 31.82 67.88 n/a n/a

*British Isles figures: New and settled immigrant status does not apply, but figures displayed like this for easy comparison
SEE ALSO


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