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Destination UK Born Abroad - An immigration map of Britain Born Abroad: An immigration map of Britain
How different immigrant groups perform
Economic success comes down to factors including skills, the labour landscape, employment law and even racism. Some migration is not primarily for economic reasons, such as refugees and students.

What is clear is that there is a wide disparity in performance between and within nationalities. For instance, Bangladesh-born people can be said to do really badly. But this has a lot to do with the jobs they tend to come to, and there are improvements over time.

Crucially, we can see new migrants in poorly paid jobs - indicating how demand for cheap labour plays a key role in migration economics.

Bar chart showing percentage of new immigrants earning below half UK median wage: Bangladesh 63.3%; Ex-Czechoslovakia 47.92%; Malawi 45.45%; Hong Kong 44.44%; China 38.16%.

In the table below, low earners are people earning less than 149.20 a week (half the UK median wage), high earners are people earning more than 750 a week.
Click column titles to sort table by that column.
Immigrants' economic performance
NEW IMMIGRANTS (%) SETTLED IMMIGRANTS (%)
Sort by:

Employed Low earners High earners Employed Low earners High earners
Bangladesh 42.75 63.33 2.22 40.01 39.02 4.27
Ex-Czechoslovakia 72.99 47.92 n/a 71.55 n/a n/a
Hong Kong 46.6 44.44 8.33 74.13 24.48 6.29
China 35.81 38.16 3.95 58.58 n/a n/a
Malaysia 58.22 36.84 7.89 83.95 7.32 16.26
Pakistan 44.02 35.4 3.73 43.87 23.02 6.75
Iran 31.71 33.33 12.12 76.09 12.9 24.19
Turkey 41.61 31.94 2.78 48.11 26.67 3.33
Jamaica 54.41 29.79 0 65.21 12.84 4.28
Ex-USSR 54.67 29.3 6.4 n/a n/a n/a
Sri Lanka 60.08 28.44 1.83 79.6 10 22.50
Iraq 37.98 26.32 7.89 77.71 n/a n/a
Poland 70.6 23.64 1.82 66 31.71 7.32
Ex-Yugoslavia 35.32 21.82 5.45 64.2 n/a n/a
British Isles* 73.49 21.08 6.98 73.49 21.08 6.98
Germany 68.8 20.48 13.25 75.46 21 7.55
Belgium 75.81 20 16.67 76.93 n/a n/a
Kenya 60.95 19.61 5.88 77.06 12.81 11.14
Nigeria 61.15 18.48 13.04 72.93 14.17 15.00
Greece 49.81 17.5 7.5 72.52 n/a n/a
Japan 47.06 17.39 23.91 63.15 n/a n/a
Ghana 63.7 17.19 3.13 69.51 15.04 5.31
Zimbabwe 73.17 16.95 4.52 81.09 6.33 15.19
Canada 82.76 16.9 15.49 78.12 13.25 15.89
India 65.98 16.43 18.13 62.85 15.9 7.88
Spain 71.22 15.05 2.15 71.48 23.44 7.81
Portugal 70.68 13.39 2.68 68.57 14 6.00
Italy 73.42 13.27 13.27 72.06 22.56 4.51
Philippines 85.4 12.8 0.61 77.91 15.38 1.28
Finland 75.83 10.81 13.51 74.01 n/a n/a
South Africa 81.52 10.28 13.61 75.79 15.09 18.40
France 72.46 8 14.29 71.66 24.73 9.68
USA 68.08 7.78 40.56 76.05 18.07 16.27
Trinidad n/a 7.14 7.14 n/a 15.38 0.00
Australia 90.57 6.76 27.03 81.92 11.98 14.37
Netherlands 75.91 6.56 31.15 76.4 23.64 18.18
New Zealand 93.56 5.97 25.37 81.52 15.07 27.40
Sweden 69.55 4.55 31.82 67.88 n/a n/a
Algeria 46.48 n/a n/a 59.96 n/a n/a
Angola 30.07 n/a n/a 81.17 n/a n/a
Brazil 57.38 n/a n/a 80.7 n/a n/a
Bulgaria 82.58 n/a n/a 70.63 n/a n/a
Colombia 49.96 n/a n/a 66.48 n/a n/a
Cyprus 35.44 n/a n/a 60.93 n/a n/a
Denmark 65.26 n/a n/a 86.2 n/a n/a
Egypt 55.98 n/a n/a 70.33 n/a n/a
Ethiopia 32.28 n/a n/a 64.44 n/a n/a
Korea 35.39 n/a n/a 34.56 n/a n/a
Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Malawi n/a n/a n/a n/a 25 12.50
Mauritius 75.2 n/a n/a 69.34 n/a n/a
Norway 62.76 n/a n/a 77.46 n/a n/a
Somalia 12.17 n/a n/a 38.02 n/a n/a
Uganda 47.03 n/a n/a 74.94 7.6 16.66
West Indies n/a n/a n/a n/a 14.75 0.00
Zambia 62.33 n/a n/a 80.41 14.47 10.53

*British Isles figures: New and settled immigrant status does not apply, but figures displayed like this for easy comparison
SEE ALSO


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