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Destination UK Born Abroad - An immigration map of Britain Born Abroad: An immigration map of Britain
How different immigrant groups perform
Economic success comes down to factors including skills, the labour landscape, employment law and even racism. Some migration is not primarily for economic reasons, such as refugees and students.

What is clear is that there is a wide disparity in performance between and within nationalities. For instance, Bangladesh-born people can be said to do really badly. But this has a lot to do with the jobs they tend to come to, and there are improvements over time.

Crucially, we can see new migrants in poorly paid jobs - indicating how demand for cheap labour plays a key role in migration economics.

Bar chart showing percentage of new immigrants earning below half UK median wage: Bangladesh 63.3%; Ex-Czechoslovakia 47.92%; Malawi 45.45%; Hong Kong 44.44%; China 38.16%.

In the table below, low earners are people earning less than 149.20 a week (half the UK median wage), high earners are people earning more than 750 a week.
Click column titles to sort table by that column.
Immigrants' economic performance
NEW IMMIGRANTS (%) SETTLED IMMIGRANTS (%)
Sort by:

Employed Low earners High earners Employed Low earners High earners
USA 68.08 7.78 40.56 76.05 18.07 16.27
Sweden 69.55 4.55 31.82 67.88 n/a n/a
Netherlands 75.91 6.56 31.15 76.4 23.64 18.18
Australia 90.57 6.76 27.03 81.92 11.98 14.37
New Zealand 93.56 5.97 25.37 81.52 15.07 27.40
Japan 47.06 17.39 23.91 63.15 n/a n/a
India 65.98 16.43 18.13 62.85 15.9 7.88
Belgium 75.81 20 16.67 76.93 n/a n/a
Canada 82.76 16.9 15.49 78.12 13.25 15.89
France 72.46 8 14.29 71.66 24.73 9.68
South Africa 81.52 10.28 13.61 75.79 15.09 18.40
Finland 75.83 10.81 13.51 74.01 n/a n/a
Italy 73.42 13.27 13.27 72.06 22.56 4.51
Germany 68.8 20.48 13.25 75.46 21 7.55
Nigeria 61.15 18.48 13.04 72.93 14.17 15.00
Iran 31.71 33.33 12.12 76.09 12.9 24.19
Hong Kong 46.6 44.44 8.33 74.13 24.48 6.29
Iraq 37.98 26.32 7.89 77.71 n/a n/a
Malaysia 58.22 36.84 7.89 83.95 7.32 16.26
Greece 49.81 17.5 7.5 72.52 n/a n/a
Trinidad n/a 7.14 7.14 n/a 15.38 0.00
British Isles* 73.49 21.08 6.98 73.49 21.08 6.98
Ex-USSR 54.67 29.3 6.4 n/a n/a n/a
Kenya 60.95 19.61 5.88 77.06 12.81 11.14
Ex-Yugoslavia 35.32 21.82 5.45 64.2 n/a n/a
Zimbabwe 73.17 16.95 4.52 81.09 6.33 15.19
China 35.81 38.16 3.95 58.58 n/a n/a
Pakistan 44.02 35.4 3.73 43.87 23.02 6.75
Ghana 63.7 17.19 3.13 69.51 15.04 5.31
Turkey 41.61 31.94 2.78 48.11 26.67 3.33
Portugal 70.68 13.39 2.68 68.57 14 6.00
Bangladesh 42.75 63.33 2.22 40.01 39.02 4.27
Spain 71.22 15.05 2.15 71.48 23.44 7.81
Sri Lanka 60.08 28.44 1.83 79.6 10 22.50
Poland 70.6 23.64 1.82 66 31.71 7.32
Philippines 85.4 12.8 0.61 77.91 15.38 1.28
Jamaica 54.41 29.79 0 65.21 12.84 4.28
Algeria 46.48 n/a n/a 59.96 n/a n/a
Angola 30.07 n/a n/a 81.17 n/a n/a
Brazil 57.38 n/a n/a 80.7 n/a n/a
Bulgaria 82.58 n/a n/a 70.63 n/a n/a
Colombia 49.96 n/a n/a 66.48 n/a n/a
Cyprus 35.44 n/a n/a 60.93 n/a n/a
Denmark 65.26 n/a n/a 86.2 n/a n/a
Egypt 55.98 n/a n/a 70.33 n/a n/a
Ethiopia 32.28 n/a n/a 64.44 n/a n/a
Ex-Czechoslovakia 72.99 47.92 n/a 71.55 n/a n/a
Korea 35.39 n/a n/a 34.56 n/a n/a
Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Malawi n/a n/a n/a n/a 25 12.50
Mauritius 75.2 n/a n/a 69.34 n/a n/a
Norway 62.76 n/a n/a 77.46 n/a n/a
Somalia 12.17 n/a n/a 38.02 n/a n/a
Uganda 47.03 n/a n/a 74.94 7.6 16.66
West Indies n/a n/a n/a n/a 14.75 0.00
Zambia 62.33 n/a n/a 80.41 14.47 10.53

*British Isles figures: New and settled immigrant status does not apply, but figures displayed like this for easy comparison
SEE ALSO


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