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Destination UK Born Abroad - An immigration map of Britain Born Abroad: An immigration map of Britain
How different immigrant groups perform
Economic success comes down to factors including skills, the labour landscape, employment law and even racism. Some migration is not primarily for economic reasons, such as refugees and students.

What is clear is that there is a wide disparity in performance between and within nationalities. For instance, Bangladesh-born people can be said to do really badly. But this has a lot to do with the jobs they tend to come to, and there are improvements over time.

Crucially, we can see new migrants in poorly paid jobs - indicating how demand for cheap labour plays a key role in migration economics.

Bar chart showing percentage of new immigrants earning below half UK median wage: Bangladesh 63.3%; Ex-Czechoslovakia 47.92%; Malawi 45.45%; Hong Kong 44.44%; China 38.16%.

In the table below, low earners are people earning less than 149.20 a week (half the UK median wage), high earners are people earning more than 750 a week.
Click column titles to sort table by that column.
Immigrants' economic performance
NEW IMMIGRANTS (%) SETTLED IMMIGRANTS (%)
Sort by:

Employed Low earners High earners Employed Low earners High earners
New Zealand 93.56 5.97 25.37 81.52 15.07 27.40
Australia 90.57 6.76 27.03 81.92 11.98 14.37
Philippines 85.4 12.8 0.61 77.91 15.38 1.28
Canada 82.76 16.9 15.49 78.12 13.25 15.89
Bulgaria 82.58 n/a n/a 70.63 n/a n/a
South Africa 81.52 10.28 13.61 75.79 15.09 18.40
Netherlands 75.91 6.56 31.15 76.4 23.64 18.18
Finland 75.83 10.81 13.51 74.01 n/a n/a
Belgium 75.81 20 16.67 76.93 n/a n/a
Mauritius 75.2 n/a n/a 69.34 n/a n/a
British Isles* 73.49 21.08 6.98 73.49 21.08 6.98
Italy 73.42 13.27 13.27 72.06 22.56 4.51
Zimbabwe 73.17 16.95 4.52 81.09 6.33 15.19
Ex-Czechoslovakia 72.99 47.92 n/a 71.55 n/a n/a
France 72.46 8 14.29 71.66 24.73 9.68
Spain 71.22 15.05 2.15 71.48 23.44 7.81
Portugal 70.68 13.39 2.68 68.57 14 6.00
Poland 70.6 23.64 1.82 66 31.71 7.32
Sweden 69.55 4.55 31.82 67.88 n/a n/a
Germany 68.8 20.48 13.25 75.46 21 7.55
USA 68.08 7.78 40.56 76.05 18.07 16.27
India 65.98 16.43 18.13 62.85 15.9 7.88
Denmark 65.26 n/a n/a 86.2 n/a n/a
Ghana 63.7 17.19 3.13 69.51 15.04 5.31
Norway 62.76 n/a n/a 77.46 n/a n/a
Zambia 62.33 n/a n/a 80.41 14.47 10.53
Nigeria 61.15 18.48 13.04 72.93 14.17 15.00
Kenya 60.95 19.61 5.88 77.06 12.81 11.14
Sri Lanka 60.08 28.44 1.83 79.6 10 22.50
Malaysia 58.22 36.84 7.89 83.95 7.32 16.26
Brazil 57.38 n/a n/a 80.7 n/a n/a
Egypt 55.98 n/a n/a 70.33 n/a n/a
Ex-USSR 54.67 29.3 6.4 n/a n/a n/a
Jamaica 54.41 29.79 0 65.21 12.84 4.28
Colombia 49.96 n/a n/a 66.48 n/a n/a
Greece 49.81 17.5 7.5 72.52 n/a n/a
Japan 47.06 17.39 23.91 63.15 n/a n/a
Uganda 47.03 n/a n/a 74.94 7.6 16.66
Hong Kong 46.6 44.44 8.33 74.13 24.48 6.29
Algeria 46.48 n/a n/a 59.96 n/a n/a
Pakistan 44.02 35.4 3.73 43.87 23.02 6.75
Bangladesh 42.75 63.33 2.22 40.01 39.02 4.27
Turkey 41.61 31.94 2.78 48.11 26.67 3.33
Iraq 37.98 26.32 7.89 77.71 n/a n/a
China 35.81 38.16 3.95 58.58 n/a n/a
Cyprus 35.44 n/a n/a 60.93 n/a n/a
Korea 35.39 n/a n/a 34.56 n/a n/a
Ex-Yugoslavia 35.32 21.82 5.45 64.2 n/a n/a
Ethiopia 32.28 n/a n/a 64.44 n/a n/a
Iran 31.71 33.33 12.12 76.09 12.9 24.19
Angola 30.07 n/a n/a 81.17 n/a n/a
Somalia 12.17 n/a n/a 38.02 n/a n/a
Lebanon n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Malawi n/a n/a n/a n/a 25 12.50
Trinidad n/a 7.14 7.14 n/a 15.38 0.00
West Indies n/a n/a n/a n/a 14.75 0.00

*British Isles figures: New and settled immigrant status does not apply, but figures displayed like this for easy comparison
SEE ALSO


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