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Wales
 

At-a-glance
77,312 people born abroad living in Wales is the lowest proportion of any of Britain's nation or region 2.66% of all residents.

23% more people born abroad lived in Wales in 2001 than in 1991 but this still represents the slowest rate of change compared with other parts of Britain.

11 areas of Wales have seen decreases in people born abroad from a handful through to hundreds fewer.

77% more people born in South Africa living in Wales - 3,000 people - is the greatest proportional increase by one group.


Wales has the lowest proportion of residents born abroad 2.66% of the population, although in terms of actual numbers it ranks second lowest next to the North East.

Unlike some other areas with low numbers of people born abroad, the rate of change remains anchored at the bottom of the national table.

As expected, Cardiff as the biggest city has the largest clusters of people born abroad, although the nationalities represented differ from other areas of Britain.

Cardiff, Swansea and some other areas like Wrexham have also seen change through the asylum dispersal system, although most of this happened after the census.

The Welsh valleys have some of the lowest numbers of people born abroad indicating the key role that economic factors play in migration.

People living in Wales
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
All people 2,834,954 2,902,941 2.40 100 100 0
Born outside British Isles 62,374 77,312 23.95 2.20 2.66 0.46

Top 10 places of birth outside British Isles
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Country 1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Germany 8,191 10,144 23.84 0.29 0.35 0.06
India 4,462 5,431 21.72 0.16 0.19 0.03
Pakistan 2,898 3,481 20.12 0.10 0.12 0.02
Italy 3,283 3,247 -1.10 0.12 0.11 -0.01
South Africa 1,711 3,029 77.03 0.06 0.10 0.04
Bangladesh 2,373 2,968 25.07 0.08 0.10 0.02
Hong Kong 2,499 2,855 14.25 0.09 0.10 0.01
USA 2,584 2,699 4.45 0.09 0.09 0.00
Other Far East n/a 2,541 n/a n/a 0.09 n/a
Australia 1,894 2,377 25.50 0.07 0.08 0.01

Click column titles to sort table by that column.
People born outside British Isles area by area
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Sort by:
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Penarth 1,779 3,658 105.62 5.10 8.88 3.78
Tongwynlais 1,170 2,048 75.04 2.96 4.80 1.84
Lisvane 1,232 2,151 74.59 3.91 5.50 1.59
Rogerstone 803 1,323 64.76 1.97 3.03 1.06
Pontypridd E 723 1,180 63.21 2.06 3.21 1.15
Carmarthen W 413 628 52.06 1.51 2.30 0.79
Killay 1,241 1,875 51.09 3.29 4.73 1.44
Carmarthen East Urban 240 361 50.42 1.04 1.51 0.47
Cardiff Cathays 3,412 4,839 41.82 10.98 13.03 2.05
Aberkenfig 428 606 41.59 1.44 1.92 0.48
Saint Asaph 454 636 40.09 1.83 2.31 0.48
Brynmawr 215 295 37.21 0.66 0.94 0.28
Wrexham SW 714 964 35.01 2.37 3.18 0.81
Ceredigion Urban 920 1,240 34.78 4.17 4.32 0.15
Monmouth Urban 969 1,302 34.37 2.23 2.87 0.64
Bangor 1,051 1,400 33.21 3.02 3.70 0.68
Cardiff Ely 1,070 1,412 31.96 2.73 3.71 0.98
Meirionnydd Rural 275 361 31.27 1.75 1.78 0.03
Llanelli Urban 572 745 30.24 1.50 1.93 0.43
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Brecon Urban 695 904 30.07 2.31 2.94 0.63
Caldicot 639 829 29.73 2.05 2.37 0.32
Ceredigion Rural 768 996 29.69 1.87 2.16 0.29
Montgomeryshire Rural 467 593 26.98 1.48 1.77 0.29
Glamorgan Rural 1,468 1,856 26.43 3.27 4.00 0.73
Gower North E 550 694 26.18 1.33 1.57 0.24
Buckley 708 892 25.99 1.78 2.06 0.28
Swansea Llansamlet 697 875 25.54 1.56 1.99 0.43
Colwyn Bay 854 1,067 24.94 1.97 2.42 0.45
Bridgend W 714 891 24.79 1.73 2.12 0.39
Cardiff Cyncoed 2,022 2,502 23.74 5.34 6.83 1.49
Connah's Quay 654 801 22.48 1.94 2.25 0.31
Caerphilly S 661 804 21.63 1.59 1.84 0.25
Carmarthen East Rural 770 934 21.30 1.78 2.04 0.26
Holywell 458 550 20.09 1.31 1.55 0.24
Brecon Rural 661 792 19.82 1.91 2.19 0.28
Pontypridd W 817 971 18.85 1.70 1.97 0.27
Cardiff Radyr 2,673 3,175 18.78 6.94 7.51 0.57
Prestatyn & Ryhl 735 865 17.69 1.75 1.99 0.24
Mold 575 674 17.22 1.75 1.97 0.22
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Neath Rural 377 440 16.71 0.99 1.23 0.24
Aberavon E 288 336 16.67 1.16 1.38 0.22
Wrexham NE 645 750 16.28 1.83 2.00 0.17
Monmouth Rural 713 829 16.27 2.25 2.58 0.33
Llandudno 699 809 15.74 2.28 2.49 0.21
Barry 927 1,072 15.64 2.00 2.24 0.24
Aberdare N 499 576 15.43 1.44 1.68 0.24
Ebbw Vale 314 362 15.29 0.79 0.94 0.15
Gower South W 733 843 15.01 2.37 2.81 0.44
Bridgend E 975 1,112 14.05 2.84 3.16 0.32
Caerphilly N 555 633 14.05 1.26 1.43 0.17
Pontypool 427 485 13.58 1.00 1.16 0.16
Swansea Townhill 1,723 1,948 13.06 5.06 5.77 0.71
Montgomeryshire Urb. 402 454 12.94 1.90 1.88 -0.02
Clwyd Rural 427 481 12.65 1.73 1.87 0.14
Aberavon W 499 562 12.63 1.22 1.45 0.23
Preseli Rural 896 998 11.38 2.58 2.50 -0.08
Rhymney 299 332 11.04 0.81 0.95 0.14
Llanelli Rural 484 537 10.95 1.33 1.44 0.11
Newport St. Julians 1,343 1,490 10.95 3.29 3.73 0.44
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Blackwood 395 434 9.87 1.18 1.27 0.09
Cefn Mawr 469 510 8.74 1.54 1.62 0.08
Rhostyllen 540 586 8.52 1.49 1.53 0.04
Newport Gaer 1,660 1,786 7.59 4.66 4.99 0.33
Cwmbran 678 725 6.93 1.80 1.85 0.05
Anglesey E 612 645 5.39 1.85 1.96 0.11
Neath Urban 505 519 2.77 1.47 1.47 0.00
Merthyr Tydfil 448 457 2.01 1.12 1.22 0.10
South Pembrokeshire 1,094 1,100 0.55 2.61 2.54 -0.07
Caernarfon Rural 547 549 0.37 1.82 1.68 -0.14
Newbridge 334 331 -0.90 1.02 1.07 0.05
Maesteg 362 356 -1.66 0.92 0.99 0.07
Caernarfon Urban 371 363 -2.16 1.28 1.35 0.07
Anglesey W 608 574 -5.59 1.69 1.69 0.00
Swansea Landore 692 649 -6.21 2.01 2.05 0.04
Rhondda S 303 282 -6.93 0.84 0.83 -0.01
Aberdare S 306 284 -7.19 1.00 0.97 -0.03
Cardiff S 2,046 1,822 -10.95 4.19 3.87 -0.32
Rhondda N 347 309 -10.95 0.82 0.80 -0.02
Preseli Urban 1,159 998 -13.89 3.27 3.22 -0.05
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Meirionnydd Urban 406 295 -27.34 1.56 1.40 -0.16
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