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Wales
 

At-a-glance
77,312 people born abroad living in Wales is the lowest proportion of any of Britain's nation or region 2.66% of all residents.

23% more people born abroad lived in Wales in 2001 than in 1991 but this still represents the slowest rate of change compared with other parts of Britain.

11 areas of Wales have seen decreases in people born abroad from a handful through to hundreds fewer.

77% more people born in South Africa living in Wales - 3,000 people - is the greatest proportional increase by one group.


Wales has the lowest proportion of residents born abroad 2.66% of the population, although in terms of actual numbers it ranks second lowest next to the North East.

Unlike some other areas with low numbers of people born abroad, the rate of change remains anchored at the bottom of the national table.

As expected, Cardiff as the biggest city has the largest clusters of people born abroad, although the nationalities represented differ from other areas of Britain.

Cardiff, Swansea and some other areas like Wrexham have also seen change through the asylum dispersal system, although most of this happened after the census.

The Welsh valleys have some of the lowest numbers of people born abroad indicating the key role that economic factors play in migration.

People living in Wales
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
All people 2,834,954 2,902,941 2.40 100 100 0
Born outside British Isles 62,374 77,312 23.95 2.20 2.66 0.46

Top 10 places of birth outside British Isles
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Country 1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Germany 8,191 10,144 23.84 0.29 0.35 0.06
India 4,462 5,431 21.72 0.16 0.19 0.03
Pakistan 2,898 3,481 20.12 0.10 0.12 0.02
Italy 3,283 3,247 -1.10 0.12 0.11 -0.01
South Africa 1,711 3,029 77.03 0.06 0.10 0.04
Bangladesh 2,373 2,968 25.07 0.08 0.10 0.02
Hong Kong 2,499 2,855 14.25 0.09 0.10 0.01
USA 2,584 2,699 4.45 0.09 0.09 0.00
Other Far East n/a 2,541 n/a n/a 0.09 n/a
Australia 1,894 2,377 25.50 0.07 0.08 0.01

Click column titles to sort table by that column.
People born outside British Isles area by area
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Sort by:
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Cardiff Cathays 3,412 4,839 41.82 10.98 13.03 2.05
Cardiff Radyr 2,673 3,175 18.78 6.94 7.51 0.57
Cardiff S 2,046 1,822 -10.95 4.19 3.87 -0.32
Cardiff Cyncoed 2,022 2,502 23.74 5.34 6.83 1.49
Penarth 1,779 3,658 105.62 5.10 8.88 3.78
Swansea Townhill 1,723 1,948 13.06 5.06 5.77 0.71
Newport Gaer 1,660 1,786 7.59 4.66 4.99 0.33
Glamorgan Rural 1,468 1,856 26.43 3.27 4.00 0.73
Newport St. Julians 1,343 1,490 10.95 3.29 3.73 0.44
Killay 1,241 1,875 51.09 3.29 4.73 1.44
Lisvane 1,232 2,151 74.59 3.91 5.50 1.59
Tongwynlais 1,170 2,048 75.04 2.96 4.80 1.84
Preseli Urban 1,159 998 -13.89 3.27 3.22 -0.05
South Pembrokeshire 1,094 1,100 0.55 2.61 2.54 -0.07
Cardiff Ely 1,070 1,412 31.96 2.73 3.71 0.98
Bangor 1,051 1,400 33.21 3.02 3.70 0.68
Bridgend E 975 1,112 14.05 2.84 3.16 0.32
Monmouth Urban 969 1,302 34.37 2.23 2.87 0.64
Barry 927 1,072 15.64 2.00 2.24 0.24
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Ceredigion Urban 920 1,240 34.78 4.17 4.32 0.15
Preseli Rural 896 998 11.38 2.58 2.50 -0.08
Colwyn Bay 854 1,067 24.94 1.97 2.42 0.45
Pontypridd W 817 971 18.85 1.70 1.97 0.27
Rogerstone 803 1,323 64.76 1.97 3.03 1.06
Carmarthen East Rural 770 934 21.30 1.78 2.04 0.26
Ceredigion Rural 768 996 29.69 1.87 2.16 0.29
Prestatyn & Ryhl 735 865 17.69 1.75 1.99 0.24
Gower South W 733 843 15.01 2.37 2.81 0.44
Pontypridd E 723 1,180 63.21 2.06 3.21 1.15
Bridgend W 714 891 24.79 1.73 2.12 0.39
Wrexham SW 714 964 35.01 2.37 3.18 0.81
Monmouth Rural 713 829 16.27 2.25 2.58 0.33
Buckley 708 892 25.99 1.78 2.06 0.28
Llandudno 699 809 15.74 2.28 2.49 0.21
Swansea Llansamlet 697 875 25.54 1.56 1.99 0.43
Brecon Urban 695 904 30.07 2.31 2.94 0.63
Swansea Landore 692 649 -6.21 2.01 2.05 0.04
Cwmbran 678 725 6.93 1.80 1.85 0.05
Brecon Rural 661 792 19.82 1.91 2.19 0.28
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Caerphilly S 661 804 21.63 1.59 1.84 0.25
Connah's Quay 654 801 22.48 1.94 2.25 0.31
Wrexham NE 645 750 16.28 1.83 2.00 0.17
Caldicot 639 829 29.73 2.05 2.37 0.32
Anglesey E 612 645 5.39 1.85 1.96 0.11
Anglesey W 608 574 -5.59 1.69 1.69 0.00
Mold 575 674 17.22 1.75 1.97 0.22
Llanelli Urban 572 745 30.24 1.50 1.93 0.43
Caerphilly N 555 633 14.05 1.26 1.43 0.17
Gower North E 550 694 26.18 1.33 1.57 0.24
Caernarfon Rural 547 549 0.37 1.82 1.68 -0.14
Rhostyllen 540 586 8.52 1.49 1.53 0.04
Neath Urban 505 519 2.77 1.47 1.47 0.00
Aberavon W 499 562 12.63 1.22 1.45 0.23
Aberdare N 499 576 15.43 1.44 1.68 0.24
Llanelli Rural 484 537 10.95 1.33 1.44 0.11
Cefn Mawr 469 510 8.74 1.54 1.62 0.08
Montgomeryshire Rural 467 593 26.98 1.48 1.77 0.29
Holywell 458 550 20.09 1.31 1.55 0.24
Saint Asaph 454 636 40.09 1.83 2.31 0.48
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Merthyr Tydfil 448 457 2.01 1.12 1.22 0.10
Aberkenfig 428 606 41.59 1.44 1.92 0.48
Clwyd Rural 427 481 12.65 1.73 1.87 0.14
Pontypool 427 485 13.58 1.00 1.16 0.16
Carmarthen W 413 628 52.06 1.51 2.30 0.79
Meirionnydd Urban 406 295 -27.34 1.56 1.40 -0.16
Montgomeryshire Urb. 402 454 12.94 1.90 1.88 -0.02
Blackwood 395 434 9.87 1.18 1.27 0.09
Neath Rural 377 440 16.71 0.99 1.23 0.24
Caernarfon Urban 371 363 -2.16 1.28 1.35 0.07
Maesteg 362 356 -1.66 0.92 0.99 0.07
Rhondda N 347 309 -10.95 0.82 0.80 -0.02
Newbridge 334 331 -0.90 1.02 1.07 0.05
Ebbw Vale 314 362 15.29 0.79 0.94 0.15
Aberdare S 306 284 -7.19 1.00 0.97 -0.03
Rhondda S 303 282 -6.93 0.84 0.83 -0.01
Rhymney 299 332 11.04 0.81 0.95 0.14
Aberavon E 288 336 16.67 1.16 1.38 0.22
Meirionnydd Rural 275 361 31.27 1.75 1.78 0.03
Carmarthen East Urban 240 361 50.42 1.04 1.51 0.47
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Brynmawr 215 295 37.21 0.66 0.94 0.28
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