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Wales
 

At-a-glance
77,312 people born abroad living in Wales is the lowest proportion of any of Britain's nation or region 2.66% of all residents.

23% more people born abroad lived in Wales in 2001 than in 1991 but this still represents the slowest rate of change compared with other parts of Britain.

11 areas of Wales have seen decreases in people born abroad from a handful through to hundreds fewer.

77% more people born in South Africa living in Wales - 3,000 people - is the greatest proportional increase by one group.


Wales has the lowest proportion of residents born abroad 2.66% of the population, although in terms of actual numbers it ranks second lowest next to the North East.

Unlike some other areas with low numbers of people born abroad, the rate of change remains anchored at the bottom of the national table.

As expected, Cardiff as the biggest city has the largest clusters of people born abroad, although the nationalities represented differ from other areas of Britain.

Cardiff, Swansea and some other areas like Wrexham have also seen change through the asylum dispersal system, although most of this happened after the census.

The Welsh valleys have some of the lowest numbers of people born abroad indicating the key role that economic factors play in migration.

People living in Wales
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
All people 2,834,954 2,902,941 2.40 100 100 0
Born outside British Isles 62,374 77,312 23.95 2.20 2.66 0.46

Top 10 places of birth outside British Isles
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Country 1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Germany 8,191 10,144 23.84 0.29 0.35 0.06
India 4,462 5,431 21.72 0.16 0.19 0.03
Pakistan 2,898 3,481 20.12 0.10 0.12 0.02
Italy 3,283 3,247 -1.10 0.12 0.11 -0.01
South Africa 1,711 3,029 77.03 0.06 0.10 0.04
Bangladesh 2,373 2,968 25.07 0.08 0.10 0.02
Hong Kong 2,499 2,855 14.25 0.09 0.10 0.01
USA 2,584 2,699 4.45 0.09 0.09 0.00
Other Far East n/a 2,541 n/a n/a 0.09 n/a
Australia 1,894 2,377 25.50 0.07 0.08 0.01

Click column titles to sort table by that column.
People born outside British Isles area by area
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Sort by:
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Cardiff Cathays 3,412 4,839 41.82 10.98 13.03 2.05
Penarth 1,779 3,658 105.62 5.10 8.88 3.78
Cardiff Radyr 2,673 3,175 18.78 6.94 7.51 0.57
Cardiff Cyncoed 2,022 2,502 23.74 5.34 6.83 1.49
Lisvane 1,232 2,151 74.59 3.91 5.50 1.59
Tongwynlais 1,170 2,048 75.04 2.96 4.80 1.84
Swansea Townhill 1,723 1,948 13.06 5.06 5.77 0.71
Killay 1,241 1,875 51.09 3.29 4.73 1.44
Glamorgan Rural 1,468 1,856 26.43 3.27 4.00 0.73
Cardiff S 2,046 1,822 -10.95 4.19 3.87 -0.32
Newport Gaer 1,660 1,786 7.59 4.66 4.99 0.33
Newport St. Julians 1,343 1,490 10.95 3.29 3.73 0.44
Cardiff Ely 1,070 1,412 31.96 2.73 3.71 0.98
Bangor 1,051 1,400 33.21 3.02 3.70 0.68
Rogerstone 803 1,323 64.76 1.97 3.03 1.06
Monmouth Urban 969 1,302 34.37 2.23 2.87 0.64
Ceredigion Urban 920 1,240 34.78 4.17 4.32 0.15
Pontypridd E 723 1,180 63.21 2.06 3.21 1.15
Bridgend E 975 1,112 14.05 2.84 3.16 0.32
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
South Pembrokeshire 1,094 1,100 0.55 2.61 2.54 -0.07
Barry 927 1,072 15.64 2.00 2.24 0.24
Colwyn Bay 854 1,067 24.94 1.97 2.42 0.45
Preseli Rural 896 998 11.38 2.58 2.50 -0.08
Preseli Urban 1,159 998 -13.89 3.27 3.22 -0.05
Ceredigion Rural 768 996 29.69 1.87 2.16 0.29
Pontypridd W 817 971 18.85 1.70 1.97 0.27
Wrexham SW 714 964 35.01 2.37 3.18 0.81
Carmarthen East Rural 770 934 21.30 1.78 2.04 0.26
Brecon Urban 695 904 30.07 2.31 2.94 0.63
Buckley 708 892 25.99 1.78 2.06 0.28
Bridgend W 714 891 24.79 1.73 2.12 0.39
Swansea Llansamlet 697 875 25.54 1.56 1.99 0.43
Prestatyn & Ryhl 735 865 17.69 1.75 1.99 0.24
Gower South W 733 843 15.01 2.37 2.81 0.44
Caldicot 639 829 29.73 2.05 2.37 0.32
Monmouth Rural 713 829 16.27 2.25 2.58 0.33
Llandudno 699 809 15.74 2.28 2.49 0.21
Caerphilly S 661 804 21.63 1.59 1.84 0.25
Connah's Quay 654 801 22.48 1.94 2.25 0.31
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Brecon Rural 661 792 19.82 1.91 2.19 0.28
Wrexham NE 645 750 16.28 1.83 2.00 0.17
Llanelli Urban 572 745 30.24 1.50 1.93 0.43
Cwmbran 678 725 6.93 1.80 1.85 0.05
Gower North E 550 694 26.18 1.33 1.57 0.24
Mold 575 674 17.22 1.75 1.97 0.22
Swansea Landore 692 649 -6.21 2.01 2.05 0.04
Anglesey E 612 645 5.39 1.85 1.96 0.11
Saint Asaph 454 636 40.09 1.83 2.31 0.48
Caerphilly N 555 633 14.05 1.26 1.43 0.17
Carmarthen W 413 628 52.06 1.51 2.30 0.79
Aberkenfig 428 606 41.59 1.44 1.92 0.48
Montgomeryshire Rural 467 593 26.98 1.48 1.77 0.29
Rhostyllen 540 586 8.52 1.49 1.53 0.04
Aberdare N 499 576 15.43 1.44 1.68 0.24
Anglesey W 608 574 -5.59 1.69 1.69 0.00
Aberavon W 499 562 12.63 1.22 1.45 0.23
Holywell 458 550 20.09 1.31 1.55 0.24
Caernarfon Rural 547 549 0.37 1.82 1.68 -0.14
Llanelli Rural 484 537 10.95 1.33 1.44 0.11
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Neath Urban 505 519 2.77 1.47 1.47 0.00
Cefn Mawr 469 510 8.74 1.54 1.62 0.08
Pontypool 427 485 13.58 1.00 1.16 0.16
Clwyd Rural 427 481 12.65 1.73 1.87 0.14
Merthyr Tydfil 448 457 2.01 1.12 1.22 0.10
Montgomeryshire Urb. 402 454 12.94 1.90 1.88 -0.02
Neath Rural 377 440 16.71 0.99 1.23 0.24
Blackwood 395 434 9.87 1.18 1.27 0.09
Caernarfon Urban 371 363 -2.16 1.28 1.35 0.07
Ebbw Vale 314 362 15.29 0.79 0.94 0.15
Carmarthen East Urban 240 361 50.42 1.04 1.51 0.47
Meirionnydd Rural 275 361 31.27 1.75 1.78 0.03
Maesteg 362 356 -1.66 0.92 0.99 0.07
Aberavon E 288 336 16.67 1.16 1.38 0.22
Rhymney 299 332 11.04 0.81 0.95 0.14
Newbridge 334 331 -0.90 1.02 1.07 0.05
Rhondda N 347 309 -10.95 0.82 0.80 -0.02
Brynmawr 215 295 37.21 0.66 0.94 0.28
Meirionnydd Urban 406 295 -27.34 1.56 1.40 -0.16
Aberdare S 306 284 -7.19 1.00 0.97 -0.03
TOTAL NUMBERS AS % OF ALL PEOPLE
Area
1991 2001 +/- % 1991 2001 +/- %
Rhondda S 303 282 -6.93 0.84 0.83 -0.01
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