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The Race to Mars 1965 1969 1971-72 1973-74 1976 1988 1993 1996 1997 1999 2001 2003-04 2005 Milestones in exploration

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Phobos 1, and its companion space craft Phobos 2, were the next generation in Soviet planetary missions
1988

The Soviet Union makes two more attempts to send unmanned probes to Mars. Contact is lost with the first craft due to a software fault.

Phobos 2 gathers data on the Sun, Mars and the Martian moon Phobos after which it is named.

It takes images but a problem with an on-board computer results in an early end to the mission before the space craft can land a robotic probe on the moon.

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