Back to intro Area 1 Area 2 Area 3 COLOMBIA (Farc) COLOMBIA (HOSTAGE) SUDAN SOMALIA DR CONGO UGANDA

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Colombia (Farc)

Who's fighting who? The Farc are the largest, oldest and best-equipped left-wing guerrilla group in Colombia. They were formally founded in 1966 as the military wing of the Colombian Communist Party. But they are not the only armed actors in the Colombian drama. As well as the smaller left-wing rebel group, the National Liberation Army (ELN), there is also the right-wing paramilitary umbrella organisation known as the United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC), which formed in the 1990s.

What is the fighting about? Idelogically, the leadership of the FARC still remains loyal to its original aim of bringing about a Marxist state in Colombia. However in recent years, their opponents have strongly criticised their methods of raising funds, particularly their extensive involvement in kidnapping, and their alleged links with the drugs trade. They face opposition not just from the security forces, but also from the paramilitaries essentially vigilante organisations which were set up deliberately to combat them.

How many people have died? The political violence has killed at least 35,000 people over the past decade and forced millions of Colombians to flee their homes.

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One Day of War was broadcast in the UK on Thursday, 27 May, 2004 at 2100 BST on BBC Two.


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