Quick Guide: The Colombian conflict
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Armed groups

Human cost

US role

Peace prospects

Armed groups
Farc has been fighting for more than 40 years

The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc) was officially formed in 1964, when it declared its intention to use armed struggle to seize power.

The smaller rebel group the National Liberation Army (ELN) was founded in 1965, inspired by the Cuban revolution.

The United Self-Defence Forces of Colombia (AUC) has its roots in the 1980s militias set up by drugs lords to combat rebel kidnappings and extortion.

This right-wing umbrella group is backed by elements in the army.