Quick Guide: The Colombian conflict
Printable version

Armed groups

Human cost

US role

Peace prospects


The long-running civil war in Colombia has left tens of thousands dead and has been described by the UN as one of the world's worst humanitarian crises.

The brutal conflict pits the state against two groups of left-wing rebels and some right-wing paramilitaries.

Insurgents launched campaigns to overthrow the government in the 1960s.

But since then, the armed groups have been drawn into kidnapping and the illegal drugs trade - producing nearly 80% of the world's cocaine.