Quick Guide: Kashmir dispute
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Introduction

Rival claims

Wars

Insurgency

Peace efforts

Introduction

Kashmir has been disputed by India and Pakistan since the partition of the subcontinent in 1947.

The two neighbours, now nuclear powers, have twice waged war over Kashmir, which is over 60% Muslim.

The mountainous region is divided by a Line of Control, often breached by separatist militants.

The Indian side - Jammu and Kashmir state - is home to about nine million people. Some three million live in the northern part administered by Pakistan.

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