Quick Guide: Afghanistan's challenges
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Soviet invasion

Rise of the Taleban

US-led war



US-led war
The Americans continue to hunt for Taleban fighters in the mountains

In October 2001, the US and its allies launched a bombing campaign against the Taleban marking the beginning of America's "war on terror".

Within weeks, US-led troops and local fighters forced the Taleban from Kabul and drove them from power.

But Taleban leader Mullah Omar and Osama Bin Laden evaded capture and are thought to have survived the offensive.

Several thousand US troops remain in Afghanistan hunting Taleban supporters who have regrouped since 2003.