Quick Guide: Afghanistan's challenges
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Soviet invasion

Rise of the Taleban

US-led war



Rise of the Taleban
The Taleban's extreme version of Islam attracted widespread criticism

After the Soviet forces left, a number of Afghan factions continued to fight for control of the country.

In 1994, the hard-line Islamic Taleban emerged. By the late 1990s, they controlled most of Afghanistan with their strict version of Sharia law.

The Taleban angered the international community by letting Osama Bin Laden, and other al-Qaeda members, live there.

In 2001, after the 9/11 attacks on the US, the Taleban refused to hand him over, paving the way for a new war.