Most of the paper is taken to UPM’s paper mill at Shotton in Flintshire, about 90 miles away (for more on this, see the Bradford story).
But about 5% is taken to a local firm, Excel Fibre Technology in Rhymney. Here, machines shred and “grate” the paper into separate cellulose fibres.
In either pellet form or loose and fluffy, it is then used either for insulation, or for industrial uses like road surface binding or textured paint.
It is sold to distributors in the UK and Europe.