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In pictures: Faces of Battle
Guinea Pigs

Gillies (pictured) was knighted in 1930 and even went on to perform the first female to male gender reassignment in 1946.

He also helped train his distant cousin and fellow surgeon Archibald McIndoe who became a plastic surgery pioneer in his own right.

During World War II, McIndoe famously performed reconstructive surgery on British airmen who had been badly burned.

His incredible and often experimental work earned them the nickname the Guinea Pig Club.

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