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In pictures: General Augusto Pinochet

His approach to his opponents also hardened. Within weeks of the coup, Manuel Contreras a personal friend had set up the ferocious Dina secret police. The parliament was shut down and trade unions banned.

Chile also co-operated with several other South American dictatorships in Operation Condor a pact to hunt down and kill left-wing opponents. But Gen Pinochet pictured here in 1975 with Bolivian dictator Hugo Banzer later denied any knowledge of the pact.

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