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In pictures: Yasser Arafat's life
2003: Power sharing

The Palestinian Authority elected a prime minister for the first time, after the US told Yasser Arafat that easing his grip on power was a key condition to restarting peace talks.

Veteran Fatah leader Mahmoud Abbas, better known as Abu Mazen, stepped into the new role in April 2003 but resigned in September.

He was succeeded by Ahmed Qurei, also known as Abu Ala.

But Mr Arafat remained the ultimate decision maker and potent symbol of his people's aspirations.

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