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Front Page | In Depth | Conflict with Iraq
Saddam's Iraq: Key events
Iraq under sanctions 1991 - 2002

Inspectors barred 1998 -2002 Photo of Iraqi Ababil-100 missile, from British government's dossier of evidence
Fears about weapons programmes grew
Within days of Operation Desert Fox, Iraq said it would not let Unscom inspectors back in.

Calls for the body to be restructured or replaced grew as the row about its role in US and other countries’ intelligence gathering increased.

US President George Bush and Secretary of State Colin Powell
Bush and Colin Powell want Iraqi "regime change"
In June 1999, Unscom head Richard Butler stepped down as his contract ended.

Six months later, Unscom’s successor body, Unmovic, was established, but Iraq refused it entry.

With no inspections in Iraq, uncertainty grew about possible new weapons programmes.

In November 2000, US President George W Bush came to power, signalling a new get-tough policy on Iraq and vowing to "re-invigorate" sanctions.

He continued with the policy begun by President Clinton of funding Iraqi opposition groups, particularly the exiled Iraqi National Congress, in the hope of undermining Saddam Hussein’s rule.

In early 2002, the administration started describing its aims publicly as “regime change”.

Saddam's rise: 1957-79
Iran-Iraq war: 1980-88
Gulf War: 1991
Aftermath: From 1991
Sanctions: 1991-2002
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