Front Page | In Depth | Conflict with Iraq
Saddam's Iraq: Key events
Gulf War 1990 -1991

Civilian casualties Jan - Feb 1991 Civilians held at an Iraqi site as protection against bombing raids
Iraq used civilians as human shields
The civilian death toll - dubbed collateral damage by US military officials - rose as allied forces continued to fly tens of thousands of sorties.

Frightened refugees arriving at the border with Jordan reported civilian deaths and said water and electricity supplies in Baghdad had been cut off.

Controversy flared about a destroyed factory, which Iraq claimed had been a baby milk plant.

The scene outside the Amirya bomb shelter
The scene outside the Amirya bomb shelter
"Most of bodies were burnt beyond recognition"
The BBC's Jeremy Bowen, Amirya bomb shelter
US chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Colin Powell, said the US was sure it was a biological weapons facility.

On Wednesday 13 February, a US stealth bomber dropped two laser-guided bombs on what the allies had pinpointed as an important command and control bunker.

But it turned out to be a shelter used by Iraqi civilians during the air raids. At least 315 people were killed, 130 of them children.

Meanwhile Saddam Hussein exploited the allies’ mistakes to maximum propaganda effect, and also detained more Kuwaiti civilians as human shields at key military and industrial sites in Iraq.

Saddam's rise: 1957-79
Iran-Iraq war: 1980-88
Gulf War: 1991
Aftermath: From 1991
Sanctions: 1991-2002
© MMIII | News Sources | Privacy Search Help | Feedback