Target: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
Progress in cutting the child mortality rate has slowed in the last decade. Some three million children die of treatable diseases such as pneumonia and diarrhoea every year. This is often due to a lack of basic healthcare, and many deaths could be avoided by implementing simple, inexpensive measures.
The UN emphasises the need for improved education and public services, but warns that the situation will not significantly improve without greater efforts to reach the people who need help the most.