Turkey UK Iran Pakistan Afghanistan Spain Jamaica Netherlands UK Nigeria Bolivia Colombia Peru Belgium UK Netherlands Czech Republic Poland Ghana Spain UK Morroco Gambia South Africa Netherlands Jamaica

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Introduction

Drug traffickers operate in almost every country in the world but there are some particularly well worn routes from areas which produce drugs to markets where demand is high.

These maps aim to show the main routes to the UK, rather than all the world’s routes.

Source: UN World Drugs Report 2005, unless otherwise stated.

COCAINE

Colombia: Source country
Main drug: Cocaine; Also: Opium
Key facts: 50% of world coca cultivation, 2004; 390 tons of potential cocaine production, 2004; 145 tons of cocaine seized in 2003 (29% of world cocaine seizures)

Peru: Source country
Main drug: Cocaine
Key facts: 32% of world coca cultivation, 2004; 190 tons of potential cocaine production, 2004; 8 tons of cocaine seized in 2003 (2% of world cocaine seizures)

Bolivia: Source country
Main drug: Cocaine
Key facts: 18% of world coca cultivation, 2004; 107 tons of potential cocaine production, 2004; 13 tons of cocaine seized in 2003; 3% of world cocaine seizures, 2003

Jamaica: Transit and source country
Main drugs: Cocaine, cannabis
Key facts: "Jamaica and several other Caribbean countries are routes for drug smuggling by air, often by couriers." UNODC; 1.5 tons of cocaine seized in 2003; 6% of countries named it as a source of cannabis resin in a UN survey

HEROIN

Afghanistan:Source country
Main drug: Opium / heroin; Also: Cannabis resin
Key facts: 4,200 tons opium production, 2004; 87% of world opium production, 2004; 500 tons potential heroin production, 2004; 10% of population is involved in opium cultivation

Iran:Transit country
Main drug: Opium / heroin
Key facts: 97.5 tons of opium seized in 2003 (73% of world opium seizures); 16 tons of heroin seized in 2003 (17% of world heroin seizures)

Pakistan: Source and transit country
Main drug: Opium/ heroin; Also: Cannabis resin
Key facts: 40 tons opium production, 2004; 5.8 tons of opium seized in 2003 (4% of world opium seizures); 34 tons of heroin seized in 2003 (35% of world heroin seizures).

Turkey: Processing and transit country
Main drug: Heroin
Key facts: 5.7 tons of heroin seized in 2003 (6% of world heroin seizures); 30% of Europe's heroin seizures; 14.7 tons of heroin seized in 2004 (preliminary data)

ECSTASY / AMPHETAMINES

Netherlands: Source and transit country
Main drugs: Cannabis, ecstasy, amphetamines, cocaine Key facts: 17.5 tons of cocaine seized in 2003 (4% of world cocaine seizures); 1.2 tons of ecstasy seized in 2003 (28% of world ecstasy seizures)

Belgium: Source country
Main drugs: Ecstasy, amphetamines Key facts: 23% of countries named Belgium as source of ecstasy and 24% as a source of amphetamines in UN survey 2003; 58,278 ecstasy tablets seized in 2003

Poland and Czech Republic: Source countries
Main drug: Amphetamine Key facts: 43% of European countries named Poland as a source of amphetamines: 9% of European countries named Czech Republic as a source of amphetamines, among 23 countries responding to UN survey

CANNABIS

Morocco: Source country
Main drug: Cannabis resin Key facts: "Morocco supplies 80% of the resin consumed in Europe", UNODC; 2,760 tons estimated cannabis resin production in 2004; 96 tons of cannabis resin seized in 2003 (7% of world cannabis resin seizures)

South Africa, Gambia and Ghana: Source countries
Main drug: Cannabis leaf Key facts: The Netherlands supplies most of the UK’s imported cannabis leaf but these countries also feature as sources., HM Revenue & Customs; 33 tons cannabis leaf seized in South Africa in 2003

UK: Source country
Main drug: Cannabis leaf Key facts: Domestically produced cannabis currently accounts for over 50% of the UK Market, Independent Drugs Monitoring Unit; 21 tons of cocaine seized in 2003/04; 1.6 tons of heroin seized in 2003/04; 1.2 tons of ecstasy seized in 2003/04; 58 tons of cannabis seized in 2003/04. All seizure UK figures are from HM Revenue and Customs

Routes shown are general indications of the directions of illicit drug flows and are not intended to show exact routes. Source: UNODC

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