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The chart below brings together drugs data from various sources. Most figures are for England and Wales. Scottish figures, where available, are shown in brackets.

  Class More details Estimated no. users Users, % of population Average price Deaths, 2007**
Cocaine

Cocaine
A Stimulant made from leaves of coca bush.
Increases alertness and confidence but raises heart rate and blood pressure and users crave the drug.

776,000 2.6
(1.5)
43
per gram
196
(47)
Crack

Crack
A Cocaine mixed with baking soda to form smokeable lumps. Gives an intense high but is very addictive and causes paranoia and agression.

53,000* 0.2
(0.2)
20-25
per rock
**See note below on cocaine and crack
Ecstasy

Ecstasy
A MDMA or similar man-made chemicals. Causes feelings of well-being but also anxiety and high body temperature.

502,000 1.8
(1.2)
2.40
per pill
47**
(11)
Heroin

Heroin
A Sedative made from the opium poppy. Can be smoked or injected. Users feel lethargic and content but experience severe cravings for the drug.

39,000* 0.1
(0.3)
43
per gram
587
(289)
LSD

LSD
A Man-made drug which has a strong effect on perception. Effects include hallucinations and loss of sense of time. A "bad trip" can cause anxiety.

83,000 0.2
-
-
Mushrooms

Mushrooms
A Fungi containing the naturally occurring compound psylocibin. Users may experience giggling fits, hallucinations and altered perception.

302,000 0.6
- -
Amphetamines

Amphetamines
A/B Man-made drugs which increase heart rate and alertness. Users may also feel paranoid. Newer form, methamphetamine or crystal meth, is very addictive. It was reclassified as a Class A drug in January 2007. There are no official usage statistics available.

426,000 1.3
9.80
per gram
97**
(-)
Cannabis

Cannabis
C The cannabis sativa plant or resin from it. Cannabis is a relaxant but stronger forms can also cause hallucinations and panic attacks.

2,655,000 8.2
55-134
per ounce, depending on type and quality
12**
(-)
Class A   1,082,000 3.4  
Any drug   3,329,000 10.5
(8.0)
  2,640
(455)

Sources:
Usage estimates: England and Wales - British Crime Survey 2006-07; Scotland - Scottish Crime Survey 2003.
Street price: Drugscope survey 2007
Deaths: Office for National Statistics and General Register Office of Scotland

* Figures for heroin and crack may be underestimates as the types of groups that use these drugs, eg people living in homeless hostels, tend not to overlap with crime survey respondents.
** Mentioned on death certificate where cause of death is listed as drug poisoning. More than one drug may have been present so, for example, a death involving heroin but where cannabis was also found will show up in both heroin and cannabis figures. Cocaine and crack cocaine are indistinguishable in the body after death so are not shown separately. The total number of deaths for England and Wales includes anti-depressants and painkillers such as paracetamol.
- None or no available data

 

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