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Ethnic issues
 
Ethnic issues

The Han Chinese make up over 92% of the population of China, which is also home to 55 other official ethnic groups.

Most of the minority groups live in sparsely populated border areas. Beijing faces two separatist conflicts in the western region - the Tibetans in Tibet and the Uighur in Xinjiang. Although tensions between other minority groups and the majority Han have mostly been hidden they have always been sensitive. And, after an outbreak of violence in Henan province in 2004, there are fears they could further deteriorate.

Map of China showing where the country's different ethnic groups live
 

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