More than 2,500 civilians were killed in Iraq in July 2007, according to preliminary monthly figures from Iraq Body Count.
The number has continued to rise since May and is only a few hundred less than the peak of July 2006, when 2,892 died.
The UN Assistance Mission in Iraq (Unami) says 34,452 civilians were killed and more than 36,000 wounded in 2006.
Many of the killings involve torture and kidnapping, and are typically sectarian in nature.
Most of the victims are men, but women and children are also dying in large numbers.
Civilian deaths in Iraq can come from many different sources.
Sectarian violence and insurgent attacks on coalition forces, the Iraqi military and police all tend to create civilian casualties, as can coalition attacks on insurgents.
Civilians also suffer disproportionate casualties when compared with the military - who tend to be the main targets for insurgent attacks.