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banner image: Lebanon guide

Lebanon, a small, mountainous country at the eastern end of the Mediterranean, is home to 3.6 million people. The most densely populated areas are around the capital, Beirut, and other towns. Significant areas are sparsely inhabited.

The country's diverse population consists of many religious and ethnic groups. Most people are Muslim or Christian, but exact numbers are not known as there has been no census since 1932.

While some regions see a particular group form the majority, others - including the area close to the Israeli border - are fairly mixed.

More than 400,000 Palestinian refugees live in Lebanon.

Distribution of religious groups and population density

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