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Peru

Date: Run-off 4 June 2006 (first round 9 April 2006)
What is elected: President and congress
Term: 5 years
New president: Alan Garcia

Situation: Centre-left candidate Alan Garcia beat nationalist Ollanta Humala convincingly in a run-off after a bitterly fought campaign.

It is a remarkable political comeback for Mr Garcia, whose first stint in office from 1985-1990 was marked by rampant inflation and guerrilla violence. He says he has learned from his mistakes.

Peru's economy saw sustained growth under former President Alejandro Toledo, mainly due to high world prices for its major exports of copper and gold. But Mr Garcia faces big challenges to tackle widespread poverty and high unemployment.

He also needs to unite a politically divided country. His support was concentrated in Lima and along the northern coast, while Mr Humala did well in the impoverished southern areas.

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