A province of Indonesia watched the outcome of the UK general election with great interest.
Since David Cameron became the UK's prime minister, the tribespeople of West Papua have been celebrating.
They hope Mr Cameron will help them in their bid to gain independence from Indonesia.
David Cameron previously met an exiled West Papuan, Benny Wenda, who now lives in the UK.
Soon after being granted political asylum in the UK in 2002, Mr Wenda began campaigning for independence for West Papua from Indonesia.
He set up the Free West Papua Campaign which raises awareness of alleged human rights abuses in the region.
Albert Tabuni, a human rights activist, has described the announcement as "happy news" for the people of West Papua.
Mr Tabuni said: "All over the highlands people are celebrating. We hope that Mr David Cameron will see our messages and help us.
"We need to be free from Indonesia rule. The situation is now very bad here."
Mr Tabuni also said friends of his, Buchtar Tabuni and Victor Yiemo, are now political prisoners after being jailed by the government for taking part in a demonstration.
West Papua is the western half of the island of New Guinea, with the eastern half being the independent state of Papua New Guinea.
The region has had a troubled past following independence from Dutch colonial rule in the 1950s.
At the end of 1961, West Papua held a Congress at which its people declared independence, and raised their new flag - the Morning Star.
Soon after, Indonesia asserted its claim to the territory and invaded, but was held back by Dutch and local forces. Indonesia turned to Russia for support, forcing the US to lean on the Dutch to accept Indonesia's claims.
It was temporarily handed over to the UN but control was later handed over to Indonesia.
In 1969 there was widespread resistance to Indonesian rule so the people of West Papua were asked to vote in a referendum - the Act of Free Choice. The vote, widely criticised as rigged, voted for Indonesia control.