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Tuesday, 16 January, 2001, 14:00 GMT
Press marks Gulf War anniversary

The anniversary of the Gulf War has been marked in Middle Eastern newspapers with a mixture of defiance and despair as Saddam Hussein remains in power 10 years after his forces were pushed out of Kuwait.

"A whole decade of continuous military aggression and the continuing of the unjust embargo... has proved the failure of the bare-faced aggressive agenda on which the US Government and its lackey Britain have insisted," an editorial in the Iraqi Al-Jumhuriyah said.

US stamp commemorating Gulf War
Washington commemorated the Gulf War on stamps

The paper applauded the country's "steadfastness" and determination to remain "free and unyielding", despite efforts to damage its "unity and honour".

And it said the anniversary would be marked publicly on the streets on Wednesday.

"Traffic will come to a standstill on the morning of 17 January. Mosques will call out God is great, and church bells will ring out," the paper said.

"Artillery will fire a 21-gun salute at the time of the sunset prayer... and ministries and official departments will dedicate the first working hours of the day to talking about the aggression and its evil objectives."


What have sanctions achieved?

Bahrain Tribune

The editorial came on the day after Saddam Hussein's eldest son, Uday, called on the National Assembly to change the map of the country, drawn on the assembly's emblem to include Kuwait.

The Babil newspaper, owned by Uday, quoted the president's son as saying the current emblem of the assembly "did not include the whole of Iraq".

Sanctions

The Bahrain Tribune marked the anniversary by attacking the sanctions regime against Iraq, describing it as a "crime against humanity".

It said the current visit to Iraq by a US delegation led by former Attorney-General Ramsay Clark was proof that the sanctions were "not having the desired effect".

"What have they achieved? Hundreds of thousands of children who suffer from malnutrition and mothers who are reduced to skeletons, unable to give them even one feed a day!"

Sanctions, the paper said, had "failed to dislodge a dictator" and it was now time to recognise that "enough is enough".

Woman walking past Saddam mural in Baghdad
Saddam appears as strong as ever

For the Jerusalem Post, the anniversary was significant in that it virtually coincided with the arrival of the former head of the US troops, Colin Powell, at the State Department.

"Unfortunately this anniversary has more than historic significance because the same Saddam Hussein that Powell faced 10 years ago is there today and is likely racing to build a nuclear bomb," the paper said in an editorial.

"The Bush administration should revive the goal of disarming Saddam by the only way left to do so: supporting his removal from power," the paper said.

"Saddam Hussein's reign of terror against the Iraqi people and the proven threat he poses to the region make him at least as clear a candidate for... removal as the unsavoury regimes the international community has gathered against in the past."

BBC Monitoring, based in Caversham in southern England, selects and translates information from radio, television, press, news agencies and the Internet from 150 countries in more than 70 languages.

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See also:

15 Jan 01 | Middle East
Gulf War: Iraq's legacy of pain
15 Jan 01 | Middle East
Lessons of the Gulf War
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