Page last updated at 18:36 GMT, Monday, 3 August 2009 19:36 UK

Merthyr measles outbreak inquiry

Measles vaccination
People who have not had the MMR jab are being urged to come forward

An outbreak of measles among children on a housing estate in Merthyr Tydfil, south Wales is under investigation.

Twelve cases have been reported in the last two weeks on the Gellideg estate and more are suspected.

The National Public Health Service (NPHS) for Wales said none of those who are ill have had the MMR vaccine.

Wales is currently undergoing the most serious outbreak of measles since the jab was introduced with 371 cases reported in 20 of its 22 counties.

The NPHS is urging parents whose children are not vaccinated against the potentially fatal illness to take action immediately.

They have written to GPs across Merthyr Tydfil and Rhondda Cynon Taf to ask them to look out for patients with symptoms and to help encourage people to get vaccinated.

It is a serious disease and sadly children do die from this infection
Dr Gwen Lowe, NPHS for Wales

Dr Gwen Lowe, Consultant in Communicable Disease Control for the NPHS, said: "This is the first true cluster of measles that we have seen in Merthyr for many years.

"It is affecting children of both primary and secondary school age and we are concerned that the outbreak will quickly spread beyond the estate.

"Given the alarming increase in measles across Wales this year, we have continually urged parents to ensure their children have received the full two doses of the MMR vaccine, but parents in the Merthyr Tydfil area now need to take particular care to ensure their children are protected."

Children should have their first MMR vaccination at 13 months and the second at around three years and four months.

Anyone in Wales who should have received two doses of MMR but has missed out remains at risk of catching measles.

Red eyes

Dr Lowe added: "For as long as there are children who do not receive their MMR vaccinations, there is the potential for people to become ill with measles.

"It is a serious disease and sadly children do die from this infection. Complications are common and rarely can include brain damage."

"The people most at risk of catching measles are children of school age or children between the ages of one and four who are not up-to-date with their vaccinations.

"Although we are seeing cases of measles in adults, it is rare for anyone born before 1970 to catch measles."

Many people who catch measles will have a fever, cough, red eyes, and blocked nose and feel generally unwell. The blotchy rash appears a few days later beginning on the face and spreading downwards over several days.

Typically, people will be infectious from the day before their first symptoms until four to five days after the rash appears.

Dr Lowe said: "If your child is unwell and you suspect it is measles, you should contact your GP. Your child should not attend school or nursery for five days after the rash starts.



Print Sponsor


SEE ALSO
Measles outbreak continues spread
10 Jun 09 |  Wales
Parents choose single measles jab
30 May 09 |  Wales
Measles death fears in outbreak
26 May 09 |  Wales
Measles outbreak 'worst in years'
19 May 09 |  Wales
Why the NHS is facing measles fight
19 May 09 |  Health
'Alarm' at suspect measles cases
12 May 09 |  South West Wales
Hospital treats four for measles
18 May 09 |  Wales
Fresh measles cases are confirmed
17 Apr 09 |  Wales
Jab reminder after measles cases
02 Apr 09 |  Wales
'Measles put me in a coma'
07 Aug 08 |  Health

RELATED INTERNET LINKS
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external internet sites


FEATURES, VIEWS, ANALYSIS
Has China's housing bubble burst?
How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire
Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit

BBC navigation

BBC © 2013 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.

Americas Africa Europe Middle East South Asia Asia Pacific