From the 13th to the 21st Century - milestones in the political history of Wales.
Owain Glyndwr's coronation
1282-83: Edward I conquers Gwynedd, the last independent Welsh principality. Edward's ring of castles around Snowdonia ensures the end of serious Welsh resistance.
1284: The Statute of Rhuddlan establishes "the principality of Wales" controlled by the Crown in the north and west of the country.
Eastern Wales remains under the control of Norman Marcher lords.
1400-1410: Owain Glyndwr proclaims himself Prince of Wales and leads a revolt against English rule convening the first Welsh parliaments at Machynlleth and Harlech.
1536-43: Henry VIII introduces the "acts of union" uniting the Principality and March of Wales. The Courts of Great Session are established to administer English Law supervised by the Council of Wales in Ludlow.
1689: The Council of Wales abolished.
1830: Courts of Great Session abolished removing the last remaining legal distinction between England and Wales.
1886-1896: Cymru Fydd led by the young David Lloyd George campaigns for Welsh home rule.
1920: The Anglican Church in Wales loses its official established status.
1926: Plaid Cymru founded
1950: Cross-party "Parliament for Wales" campaign launched.
1964: Harold Wilson's Labour government establishes the Welsh Office and makes Jim Griffiths the first secretary of state for Wales.
1966: Plaid Cymru wins its first parliamentary seat in Carmarthen.
1973: The Royal Commission on the Constitution recommends the establishment of a non law-making Welsh assembly.
1979: Assembly proposals overwhelmingly rejected in the first devolution referendum.
1997: A second referendum narrowly endorses devolution
1999: National Assembly for Wales (Welsh assembly) established.
2006: The Government of Wales Act allows the assembly to acquire law-making powers subject to a referendum.
2008: Convention established to advise the assembly on the timing of another devolution referendum.