By Giancarlo Rinaldi
South of Scotland reporter, BBC Scotland news website
Jason Smith died of heat stroke in Iraq in August 2003
Private Jason Smith from Hawick in the Scottish Borders died of heat stroke in Iraq in August 2003 at the age of 32.
That much has been agreed by two investigations which have since been carried out into his death.
In other areas, however, very different conclusions have come from a coroner's inquest and a British Army inquiry.
One ruled that the Territorial Army soldier would not have died if "proper procedures" had been followed as temperatures soared in Al Amara.
The other concluded that the fact that he was "very overweight" and his "probable lack of fitness" were contributory factors.
In November 2006, the deputy assistant coroner for Oxfordshire, Andrew Walker, heard a wide range of evidence.
He criticised the failure to recognise the problems the Scots soldier was suffering as his body temperature reached 41.1C.
"In my view Pte Smith would not have died if the proper procedures had been followed," he said at the time.
"He should have been taken out of that environment to be treated."
He also said that medical advice cards which were distributed gave "wholly inadequate instructions".
The inquest heard claims that some serving soldiers were getting dehydration powders sent to Iraq from the UK, after supplies ran out.
It was also told that people were collapsing on a daily basis in the "ferocious" heat.
One soldier described conditions in the Maysan province as a "hot, dusty hellhole".
Pte Smith was stationed in the Maysan province of Iraq
An Army board of inquiry report in May 2007 highlighted other issues.
It said that, at 17 stones, Pte Smith was "at the higher level of obese".
Concerns were expressed about his body mass index (BMI), which measures height against weight, which stood at 34.
"A BMI of above 30 is generally taken as a point at which health becomes an issue," it said.
"It is the opinion of the board that Pte Smith's death was caused by a number of factors.
"These were the fact that he was very overweight, his probable lack of fitness, the extreme temperatures and lack of air conditioning."
The report called for tougher medical checks on TA troops being sent into war zones.
Its findings were rejected by the soldier's family who said they felt "let down" by the Army.
His mother, Catherine Smith, said he took his job and fitness seriously.
She said the Army was to blame for putting its soldiers in "unbearable conditions without air conditioning and proper medical facilities".
The story might easily have ended there.
Instead, Pte Smith's death has become the subject of a test case on whether human rights law can be extended to soldiers in battlefields abroad.
Nearly six years after he died, a ruling on that issue has now been delivered.