Page last updated at 12:44 GMT, Monday, 29 December 2008

Award call for 'Scots Schindler'

Jane Haining (from Dumfries and Galloway online)
Jane Haining stayed with her pupils after the German invasion of Hungary

A campaign has been launched to award a posthumous honour to a Presbyterian missionary who died after refusing to abandon Jewish children in her care.

Jane Haining opted to stay at a school in Budapest, Hungary, after German forces invaded in March 1944.

The Dumfries woman, dubbed by some as "Scotland's Schindler", was arrested and died that August in Auschwitz.

The Holocaust Educational Trust wants the honours system changed to recognise Miss Haining and others like her.

'Sad sacrifice'

Oskar Schindler, who is credited with saving hundreds of Jews by having them work in his factories, was made famous by a book and a film based on his exploits.

Miss Haining's name is inscribed near to Schindler's on the Holocaust memorial at Yad Vashem in Israel.

Karen Pollock, chief executive of The Holocaust Educational Trust, said it was time that the UK formally recognised her courage.

"Jane Haining could have returned to Scotland, she could have gone home," Ms Pollock said.

"She chose to be among those Jewish orphans at the risk of her own life and sadly at the sacrifice of her own life."

Two memorials to Miss Haining exist in Scotland - a pair of stained glass windows at the Queen's Park Church of Scotland in Glasgow, where she worshipped, and a plaque at Dunscore Kirk, Dumfries, close to where she was born.

Her story has also been highlighted by Prime Minister Gordon Brown in his latest book, "Wartime Courage: Stories of Extraordinary Courage by Ordinary People in World War Two".

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