Parents and community groups will be asked to work with police forces in tackling violence during the latest phase of the Safer Scotland campaign.
Police believe communities have role to play in tackling gangs
The plan, which is being co-ordinated by the Violence Reduction Unit, aims to address knife carrying, binge drinking and gang violence.
Police said they hope to build "local alliances" to tackle violence and find "innovative solutions".
Officers said there would be a drive to urge parents to prevent violence.
In the east end of Glasgow, Loki - a Glasgow rap artist - said he understood why many young people ended up involved in a cycle of violence.
He said one of his friends had been stabbed last year.
"It's a certain type of person with a certain type of mentality that would carry a knife in the first place, and luckily I don't really hang around with people like that," he said.
John Paul Fitzpatrick has worked with young people in Glasgow, including those who carry knives.
He said: "The reasons why young people carry knives are complex and varied. Young people are very territorial, young men in particular.
"We need to look at the culture, the poverty involved.
"It is a minority of young people who are caught up in this, so we need to keep that perspective."
He added: "I'd like to see young people involved in the delivery and planning of initiatives."
In Edinburgh's Grassmarket, local residents and traders are working closely with police to tackle alcohol-related disorder.
Jos Bastiaensen, of the Grassmarket's Traders Association, said: "Traders and residents are aware of the potential for difficulties.
"We tend to work together to stop bad things from happening.
"The police will try very hard, my impression is that they are somewhat understaffed.
"Here in the Grassmarket the quality of the policing has improved markedly over the last year or so."