The team hope to fine tune predictions on climate change effects
A team of 10 Scottish scientists is to attempt to crack problems such as predicting climate change effects by using algorithms.
Some of the numerical challenges presented by modern science are to be tackled by experts from Edinburgh University and Heriot-Watt University.
The experts in high-performance supercomputing and mathematics are also from Strathclyde University.
The £8m project starts in August and will also have 40 researchers.
The Numerical Algorithms and Intelligent Software (Nais) team will also help with designing telecommunications networks and modelling oil reserves for extraction.
They will be looking at ways to solve the massive numerical problems posed by advances in modern-day science, medicine and engineering, where enormous amounts of data are needed to be processed because of the amount of variables involved.
The £8m scheme will be funded by £5m from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council with additional support from the Scottish Funding Council. The rest of the money covers time given by each expert away from their university posts.
The Scottish partnership beat competition from across the UK to secure the deal.
Professor Ben Leimkuhler, of Edinburgh University's school of mathematics, who is leading the project, said: "Making the best use of supercomputing power is the key to solving some of the greatest problems faced by scientific innovators today.
"We will seek to bring together the skills needed to tackle these challenges, which will undoubtedly deliver real benefits for wider society."