Edinburgh University's Senate has agreed to strip Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe of his honorary degree.
Robert Mugabe has carried out a brutal regime in Zimbabwe
It comes after years of campaigning by politicians and students because of Mugabe's brutal regime.
In 1984 Robert Mugabe was honoured by Edinburgh University "for services to education in Africa".
The formal process to withdraw the degree will now begin. Mr Mugabe will be contacted in writing and given the opportunity to respond.
University secretary Melvyn Cornish said that much more evidence about Mr Mugabe's regime has come to light since the degree was conferred.
Announcing the Senate's decision, he said: "The university has been acutely aware of ongoing developments in Zimbabwe and of recent representations made by the Edinburgh University Students' Association (EUSA) with regards to Robert Mugabe's honorary degree.
"It has responded to those representations by taking this unprecedented decision to revoke the degree."
Mr Cornish denied there was any cause for embarrassment over the affair.
The initial decision to confer an honorary degree was made in good faith on the basis of information available at the time, he said.
Professor Sir Neil MacCormick was one of the three academics who carried out the investigation into the case.
Tim Goodwin, president of the EUSA, said it was a proud day for students of the university.
He said: "The Students' Association is extremely pleased that the Senate's decided to take this course of action.
"It's a campaign that started in the Students' Association the best part of two years ago.
"It's something that I think it's safe to say students are united on."
The controversy surrounding Robert Mugabe's degree reached Westminster, with Edinburgh South Labour MP Nigel Griffiths tabling a motion in the Commons to have the degree withdrawn.
It is understood Michigan State University and The University of Massachusetts in the US are also considering stripping degrees from Mugabe.
He has run Zimbabwe with his Zanu-PF party since independence from white rule in 1980.