By Reveel Alderson
BBC Scotland's social affairs correspondent
The number of kife deaths has risen by 164%
Young men in Scotland's most deprived areas are 32 times more likely to die from knife violence than those in affluent districts.
Researchers at Glasgow University carried out a study into knife crime, which they said costs the Scottish economy £3bn a year.
The link between deprivation and violence is well known.
But the researchers said their work revealed the scale of this social inequality.
The study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, said men aged 15 to 44, living in deprived areas were almost 32 times more likely to die as a result of assault with a blade than those in affluent parts.
It said young men in manual jobs were 12 times more at risk than those in managerial occupations.
The researchers studied all of the deaths due to assault in Scotland between 1980 and 2005 and said while the homicide rate generally increased during the period, the number of young men killed in violent incidents more than doubled. Most of the increase, they said, was the result of knife crime.
While the number of males killed illegally rose 83% between 1982 and 2002, the homicide rate involving knives increased by 164% - and it more than trebled, when looking at males aged 15 to 34.
The research paper also showed the rate of fatal assaults were significantly higher in Scotland than in other high income countries in Europe, with rates among Scottish men more than double those of their European peers.
Earlier research estimated the annual cost to the Scottish economy of violence as £3bn in healthcare, law enforcement and lost productivity.
The report said while the Scottish government was seeking ways to reduce alcohol-related violence, it may also need to address the impact of deprivation and poverty.
It said the extent of the inequalities seen for assault in Scotland "emphasises the need to understand and address the multiplicity of problems associated with deprivation and poverty".
Ch Supt John Carnochan, head of the Violence Reduction Unit, said: "This study confirms everything we have been saying for the past five years.
"Reducing violence isn't simply a question of taking knives off people."
He added: "There are many significant factors that impact on the prevalence of violence, including knife crime."
A spokesman for the Scottish government said: "Statistics show that fewer people were killed last year than in previous years in Scotland, but that is of no consolation to the families of the victims.
"While we can't turn back the clock, what we can do is work to make Scotland safer and stronger which is why we are working to change the culture around violence and alcohol which has blighted Scotland's communities for too long."