Page last updated at 13:33 GMT, Monday, 7 December 2009

Climate change: Key poll findings

The Scottish public opinion monitor results, commissioned by BBC Scotland and carried out by MORI, were based on a survey of 1,009 respondents conducted by telephone between 19 November and 23 November 2009.

The data was;

• weighted by age, sex and working status using census data, and tenure using SHS 2007-2008 data.

• an asterisk (*) indicates a percentage of less than 0.5% but greater than 0.

• where results do not sum to 100, this may be due to multiple responses or computer rounding.

• where the base size is less than 30 the number (N) rather than the percentage of respondents is given.

• results are based on all respondents (1,009) unless otherwise stated.


Those surveyed were asked;

a) What do you see as the most important issue facing Scotland today?

b) What do you see as other important issues facing Scotland today?

SCOTTISH PUBLIC OPINION MONITOR
ISSUES MOST IMPORTANT (A) % OTHER IMPORTANT (B) %
Unemployment/factory closure/lack of industry 24 42
Economy/economic situation/credit crisis/crunch 20 37
Education/schools 4 24
NHS/hospitals/health care 4 24
Scottish independence/constitution/devolution 11 18
Crime/law&order/violence/vandalism/anti-social behaviour 5 15
Environment/climate change/global warming/pollution 2 11
Housing 1 8
Immigration/immigrants 3 8
Drug abuse 1 6
Transport/public transport 1 6
Pensions/social security/benefits 1 5
Poverty/inequality 2 5
Terrorism/war in Iraq/Afghanistan/foreign affairs/defence 2 5
Ageing population 1 4
Lack of facilities/ opportunities for young people/young people having nothing to do 1 4
Common market/EU/Europe/Euro 1 3
Local government/council tax * 3
Nationalisation/government control of institutions 1 3
Public services in general * 3
Taxation 1 3
Family breakdown/lack of discipline taught to young people * 2
MPs/MSPs expenses/expenses scandal * 2
Obesity/ill health 1 2
Energy/renewable energy 1 2
Countryside/rural life * 1
Inflation/prices/rising cost of living * 1
Low pay/minimum wage/fair wages 0 1
Morality/individual behaviour/lifestyle * 1
Nuclear weapons/nuclear war/disarmament * 1
Petrol prices/fuel prices * 1
Religion/religious tolerance 0 1
Sectarianism * 1
Child abuse/protection of children * 1
Fishing industry 0 1
Forth Bridge/building of the Forth Bridge * 1
Government spending * 1
Lack of funding/funding issues * 1
Oil * 1
Roads/pavements 0 1
Scotland's reputation/status in the world * 1
SNP * 1
Government/Gordon Brown/quality of government * 1
GM foods 0 0
Aids 0 *
Animal welfare 0 *
Foot and mouth outbreak/farming crisis 0 *
Northern Ireland 0 *
Pound/exchange rate/value of pound 0 *
Privatisation * *
Rising energy prices 0 *
Swine flu/flu pandemic * *
Trade unions/strikes 0 *
Alcohol abuse 0 *
Banks/not lending money * *
Care for the elderly 0 *
Discrimination/racism 0 *
Financial issues/poor distribution of finances * *
Help/support for businesses 0 *
Identity crisis/no longer feel Scottish * *
More nuclear power stations * *
Benefit fraud 0 *
Policing 0 *
Rights/help for the disabled 0 *
Homelessness * *
Flooding * *
Tourism 0 *
Public sector jobs/pay * *
Commonwealth Games * *
Trams in Edinburgh * *
Other 2 9
None 1 1
Don't know 5 5
Refused * *
Source: BBC Scotland's Ipsos MORI poll


1. Which of these statements, if any, comes closest to your own view?

(Base: All)

Climate change is an immediate and urgent problem - 63%

Climate change is more of a problem for the future - 20%

Climate change is not really a problem - 4%

I'm still not convinced that climate change is happening - 11%

None of these - 1%

Don't know -1%

2. Thinking about the causes of climate change, which of the following best describes your opinion?

Humans are entirely responsible for climate change - 33%

Humans are partly responsible for climate change - 58%

Humans are not at all responsible for climate change - 4%

I don't believe there is such a thing as climate change - 4%

Don't know - 1%

Those who said humans were entirely responsible were asked: Why do you say this? The findings are detailed in the table below.

HUMANS ENTIRELY RESPONSIBLE (331)
CAUSES PERCENTAGE
Human activity is causing climate change/we do not look after our planet/do enough 36
C02/sulphur dioxide/green housegas/emissions level 28
Pollution (unspecified) 22
Due to traffic/transport/cars/planes 22
Pollution from factories and power stations 15
Manufacturing/industrialisation 14
Waste/litter/disposal/we are wasting too much 14
Deforestation 12
Fossil fuels/not enough green energy 12
What I have read/heard/seen on TV/news/newspapers/media 6
Over use of utlities/need to cut back/use less 6
Global warming/ice caps melting due to destruction of ozone layer is main cause of climate change 5
Other countries/China/India/Japan are the main cause/do not take responsibility/care 5
Humans speeding up the natural process 4
Population growth/over-population 4
Scientific evidence/research/fact 4
We need to do more/be more aware of what we can do/be informed 4
Changing lifestyles/modernisation 3
Aerosol sprays/CFCs 3
Obvious/can see it changing/changing weather conditions/extreme conditions/heat/cold 2
Farming/animal emissions 1
Space travel/research 1
Energy use/too much energy used 1
Greed/materialism 1
Price of oil 1
Other 3
Don't know 1
Source: BBC Scotland Ipsos MORI Poll


All those who said that humans were not at all responsible were asked: Why do you say this? The findings are detailed in the table below

HUMANS NOT AT ALL RESPONSIBLE (40)
CAUSES PERCENTAGE
It's a natural process/through history climate has always chaned/it's a cycle 56
There is no proof humans are responsible 18
Scientific research/evidence/fact 8
What I have ready/heard/seen on TV/news/newspapers/media 5
It's scaremongering/created by the government/media 2
Cows are the cause/give off methane gas 0
Other 10
Don't know 11
Source: BBC Scotland Ipsos MORI Poll


ENVIRONMENTAL VIEWS
STATEMENTS STRONGLY AGREE TEND TO AGREE NEITHER AGREE NOR DISAGREE TEND TO DISAGREE STRONGLY DISAGREE DON'T KNOW
Tackling climate change shouldn't come at the expense of the Scottish economy 21% 17% 7% 30% 21% 3%
The environment is a low priority for me compared to other things in my life 18% 24% 5% 24% 29% *
I believe my behaviour and everyday lifestyle contribute to climate change 25% 36% 6% 15% 17% 1%
The so called environmental crisis facing humanity has been greatly exaggerated 15% 19% 7% 24% 32% 2%
Source: BBC Scotland Ipsos MORI Poll




MEDIA
NEWSPAPERS PERCENTAGE
Scottish Daily Express 4
Scottish Daily Mail 9
Scottish Daily Mirror 1
Daily Record 19
Daily Telegraph 3
Financial Times 1
The Guardian 5
The (Glasgow) Herald 9
The Independent 1
Metro 4
The Scotsman 7
The Press and Journal 3
Daily Star 2
The Sun 14
The Times 4
The Courier/Dundee Courier 2
Glasgow Evening Times 3
Edinburgh Eveneing News 3
Other local newspapers 6
Source: BBC Scotland's Ipsos MORI poll


MEDIA ONLINE
NEWS WEBSITES PERCENTAGE
BBC 20
CNN 0
Sky 2
AOL *
MSN 1
STV *
Yahoo 2
Google 1
Foreign website 1
Other 5
None 21
Source: BBC Scotland's Ipsos MORI poll


Do you own your home, or rent it?

• Owned outright - 30%

• Buying on mortgage - 36%

• Rent from council - 15%

• Rent from Housing Association/ Trust - 8

• Rented from private landlord - 9

Do you have any long-standing illness, health problem or disability that limits your daily activities or the kind of work that you can do?

• Yes, disability - 7%

• Yes, illness or health problem - 11%

• Yes, both disability and illness or health problem - 4%

• No, neither - 78%

• Don't know - 0

• Refused - *

Including yourself, how many people aged 16 or over are living here?

• One - 34%

• Two - 50%

• Three - 11%

• Four - 4%

• Five or more - 1%

How many children aged under 16 are living here? (Single code only)

• None - 71%

• One - 14%

• Two - 11%

• Three - 3%

• Four - 1%

• Five or more -*

What country were you born in?

• Scotland - 79%

• Somewhere else in the UK - 15%

• Republic of Ireland - *

• Elsewhere - 5%

• Don't know - 0

• Refused - 0

How many cars are normally available for private use by members of your household? (Excludes cars that are normally kept or owned by someone outside the household. Include any company car available for private use)

• None - 22%

• One - 47%

• Two - 26%

• Three or more - 4%

• Don't know - *

• Refused - *%

Do you use the internet at all these days, either for your work or for your own personal use? (Single code only).

• No, never use the internet - 20%

• Work only - 1%

• Personal use only - 33%

• Both work and personal use - 45%

• Don't know - *



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