The conviction of the Libyan Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi for the 1988 Lockerbie bombing was unsafe, according to the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission.
It reached its verdict after a three-and-a-half year investigation and has now referred the case back to the High Court for a second appeal.
COMMISSION CHAIRMAN DR GRAHAM FORBES CBE
This has been a difficult case to deal with. The commission's enquiry team have worked tirelessly for over three years. Some of what we have discovered may imply innocence; some of what we have discovered may imply guilt.
However, such matters are for a court to decide. The commission is of the view, based upon our lengthy investigations, the new evidence we have found and other evidence which was not before the trial court, that the applicant may have suffered a miscarriage of justice.
The place for that matter to be determined is in the appeal court, to which we now refer the case.
ABDELBASSET ALI MOHAMED AL-MEGRAHI
I was never in any doubt that a truly independent review of my case would have this outcome.
I was not involved in the Lockerbie bombing whatsoever. I am confident that when the full picture is put before the ultimate arbiters, the Lords Commissioners of Judiciary, I shall finally be recognised as an innocent man
FIRST MINISTER ALEX SALMOND
Let us never forget that 270 men, women and children lost their lives in December 1988. Whatever the eventual outcome of this process, their loss can never be
REVEREND JOHN MOSEY, FATHER OF VICTIM
We welcome it, because our main objective is to know why this happened, how it was allowed to happen and, as I believe under European law, we are entitled to know the facts surrounding the death of those that we love. We've been denied it thus far.
Her Majesty's government decided that, having had a fatal accident inquiry, and a department of trade inquiry, which nobody knew about, and the original trial and appeal in the Netherlands, in Mr Straw's words, nothing further could be learned by an inquiry.
And it's very clear to us from this announcement that there are a number of eminent independent and learned gentlemen in Scotland who believe that there is yet a great deal more to be learned.
LORD ADVOCATE ELISH ANGIOLINI QC
I wish, as lord advocate, to reaffirm publicly the commitment of the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service to respond to this decision and the appeal with the same commitment and independence as was shown during the trial and first appeal.
Our focus remains fixed, as it always has been, on ensuring that justice is done in the public interest. Of course, my thoughts are with the families of the 270 victims.
JIM SWIRE, FATHER OF VICTIM
A lot of people, I think, have hoped that they have achieved closure by the conviction of Megrahi.
I think for those of us who have looked carefully at the evidence and have doubts, we cannot achieve that until we're quite sure that it really is true and it could be proved that it were true that he was the one that did it.
It's no good trying to have closure on false foundations. A house built on sand cannot stand.
COMMISSION CHIEF EXECUTIVE GERARD SINCLAIR
This has clearly been a unique case for the commission in many ways, not least in terms of the universal press and media interest. It has certainly been the longest, the most expensive and singularly most complex case we have had to investigate and review.
DUMFRIES AND GALLOWAY CONSTABULARY
Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary remains determined to ensure that justice is done for all those who were affected by the tragic events of 21 December 1988.
We will continue to work closely with the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service and our international colleagues throughout the coming appeal.
ELAINE MURRAY LABOUR MSP FOR DUMFRIES CONSTITUENCY
Lockerbie residents and relatives of those who died in the Pan Am 103 bombing hoped that the conviction of al-Megrahi would allow them to move on, as the guilty party had been brought to justice.
Unfortunately this has not been able to happen, and a second appeal will prolong this for more years.
DAVID MUNDELL CONSERVATIVE MP FOR DUMFRIESSHIRE
Clearly the guilt or innocence of Mr al-Megrahi has to be determined by the courts in Scotland and that's the appropriate way forward.
What we don't want is this matter being sorted out in any other way than by the courts, particularly not via the media or in a deal that seems to be envisaged by Tony Blair with Libya.