Glasgow is the dirtiest place in Scotland, a new index compiled by a government health watchdog has said.
Residents in part of Glasgow help clean up their area
Health Protection Scotland used environmental health reports of public spots such as parks, streets and ponds to survey local authorities.
It said that Glasgow was worst for overall cleanliness with Falkirk having the second highest score.
East Lothian was most affected by dog fouling and Clackmannanshire had the highest rate of sites hit by vandalism.
Moray was the least dirty place on the list, followed by Orkney, Shetland and the Western Isles.
Keep Scotland Beautiful provided the cleanliness surveys which provide the basis for the index.
The surveys were carried out in all 32 local authorities between April 2004 and February 2005.
HPS said that the index did not seek to "pass judgement" on any individual council.
It said that many of the results reflected the fact that city areas were used by more people than rural and semi-rural places.
The index measured adverse environmental quality indicators such as litter and other detritus, vandalism, graffiti, weeds and dog fouling.
Glasgow scored an overall cleanliness index of 62, five points below the minimum national standard of 67.
It was the worst local authority area for graffiti.
Falkirk, which was the worst area for litter, scored 65 points in total and Edinburgh, East Ayrshire and Dundee were all awarded 66 points.
Stuart Hay, head of policy at Friends of the Earth Scotland, said: "Councils need to start looking at areas and boosting the amount of attention they get.
"It is really about giving people more local control so that if something needs cleaned up or fixed they phone somebody and it is done there and then.
"Because I think a lot of times people just give up."
The Scottish Executive said it was making cash available to councils to clean up their act.
A spokeswoman said: "We have made a number of funding streams available to local authorities to tackle environmental issues such as litter, graffiti, vandalism and dog fouling.
"We would expect councils to strive to achieve the best results in these areas."
A Glasgow City Council spokesman said £15m of the annual budget had gone on keeping the city tidy.
However, he added that the problems would remain until residents cleaned up their own act.