Major workplace injuries among young people in Scotland have increased by 16% in the past five years, according to new research.
The research was carried out by Stirling University
The study by Stirling University found that there was a 20% increase across the UK as a whole.
The findings said one person under the age of 25 died every month in the UK, with thousands more seriously injured.
Unions have blamed poor training and supervision by employers for the increase.
In Scotland, 371 young people suffered a major injury at work in the year 2000/2001.
The figure rose to 432 in 2004/2005.
This summer, 50,000 young people will enter the workforce for the first time.
The study, published in Hazards magazine, suggested that those beginning a new job were particularly at risk.
TUC general secretary Brendan Barber said: "Summer jobs are a great way for young people to gain some extra cash and important work and life experience. But they are not worth dying for.
"No young person should die or be seriously injured this summer because their employer failed to take simple steps to ensure their safety."
Hazards editor Rory O'Neill said: "It's a myth that young workers are killed or injured because they goof around or because they are immature.
"They are at risk because they are inexperienced. The newer you are to the job, regardless of your age, the higher the risk."
Unions are calling on the Scottish Executive to consider strengthening the new law of corporate killing to make the jailing of individuals possible.