A new approach to tackling anti-social behaviour is being piloted in primary schools in Fife.
The scheme puts emphasis on respect
Being Cool in School puts emphasis on respect for other people and on social skills, with even the youngest children learning lessons in empathy.
The aim is for children to learn how to manage their anger and to think about how their actions affect other people.
Teachers said bulling and aggressive behaviour had reduced and many timid children were more confident.
Mike Ciesla from Fife Council's education department developed the programme.
He said: "They have to reflect on their own behaviour.
"They have to see that their behaviour has an impact on others and that they, in turn, will have an impact on you.
"You develop a sense of self-worth and self-care and a care for others round about you."
The pilot schemes are now being extended to younger pupils and into secondary schools.