Opposition parties and green campaigners have claimed Scotland does not need new nuclear power stations.
The Scottish Greens want solar panels installed in more homes
The SNP, Scottish Greens and Friends of the Earth said there was already plenty of wind, tidal and wave power.
The UK Government launched an energy review, which will look at the issue of nuclear provision, on Monday.
The Scottish Executive said no more nuclear plants should be built north of the border until radioactive waste issues had been tackled.
The SNP has highlighted a successful hydrogen scheme on the Shetland island of Unst and plans for a hydrogen power station in Peterhead.
The party believes Westminster has already made up its mind to justify more nuclear power stations.
However, the Department of Trade and Industry said that was not the case.
As the energy review got under way, Trade Secretary Alan Johnson said it was time to take a decision on nuclear.
Friends of the Earth Scotland has identified 15 sustainable energy solutions that it said could meet much of Scotland's energy needs.
Chief executive Duncan McLaren said: "Scotland is well placed to become a world leader in developing a low-carbon, nuclear-free economy.
"However, that will not happen if Tony Blair pushes the nuclear power button.
"Scotland's politicians and the Scottish Executive need to take a tough stance during this review.
"Scotland must not allow itself to be bullied into accepting new nuclear power stations just because Tony Blair thinks it is a good idea."
The scheme helps with the cost of installing solar panels
Shiona Baird, the Scottish Green Party's energy spokeswoman, is proposing a Holyrood bill to give householders and businesses council tax breaks and business rates rebates in return for installing renewable energy devices such as solar roofs and mini-wind turbines.
It would also require all new buildings to be installed with solar panels on their roofs and it would set targets for expanding micro-power across Scotland's local authority areas.
An executive spokesman said: "We recognise the important role micro-generation of renewable energy should play in the drive to meet climate change targets, as well as its potential to create employment - in manufacturing and installation - and to alleviate fuel poverty."
He said the executive was working closely with the Department of Trade and Industry on proposed strategies.
Maf Smith, Scottish Renewables' chief executive said: "The renewable energy industry in Scotland is on course to 'pass the test' set by the Scottish Executive but it can go further and fill the energy gap created by reducing our reliance on fossil fuels and the phased decommissioning of nuclear plant.
"But it needs investment now: in grid infrastructure, financial support for wave and tidal technology and a leaner, fitter planning process to deliver more and on time."