Voters go to the polls on Thursday, 29 September to elect candidates in the Livingston and Cathcart by-elections.
Voters in Livingston and Cathcart go to the polls on 29 September
The by-election for the Livingston seat in the Commons resulted from the death of former Foreign Secretary Robin Cook.
The by-election for the Cathcart seat at Holyrood followed the resignation of Labour's Mike Watson, who was convicted of fire-raising.
BBC Scotland's news website lists the candidates standing in both seats.
List of candidates in Livingston by-election (alphabetic by surname)
Peter Adams - UKIP
John Allman - Alliance For Change
Melville Brown - Independent
Angela Constance - SNP
Jim Devine - Scottish Labour
Charles Dundas - Liberal Democrats
Brian Gardner - Socialist Party of Great Britain
Gordon Lindhurst - Conservatives
Steve Nimmo - Scottish Socialists
David Robertson - Greens
Mr Cook had a majority of 13,000 in May's general election.
List of candidates in Cathcart by-election (alphabetic by surname)
Richard Cook - Conservatives
Christopher Creighton - Independent
Charlie Gordon - Scottish Labour
Pat Lally - Independent
Bryan McCormack - UKIP
Arthur Sanderson - Lib Dems
Ronnie Stevenson - Scottish Socialists
Chloe Stewart - Scottish Greens
Maire Whitehead - SNP
Lord Watson held a majority of 5,112 in the 2003 Scottish Parliament election.