The new Scottish Parliament building, due to be formally opened by the Queen, was designed by Catalonian architect Enric Miralles.
Enric Miralles said he wanted a beautiful location for the parliament
Mr Miralles, who died in July 2000, said his initial inspiration was drawn from upturned boats.
The architect said he wanted to design "a fantastic building, which will be beautiful, in a beautiful location".
The 44-year-old was chosen from a shortlist of five in 1998 to design the new parliament at Holyrood.
His previous work included a new town hall in Utrecht, Holland, and Barcelona's Olympic archery pavilions.
He set up his practice in Barcelona in 1984 and won many architectural prizes and competitions throughout Europe including the Madrid City prize in 1993, the National Prize of Spanish Architecture in 1995 and the Golden Lion at the Biennial of Venice in 1996.
The new Scottish Parliament is located at Holyrood
Miralles' widow, Benedetta Tagliabuie, defended her husband's role in the Holyrood project when she appeared before the Fraser Inquiry into its rising cost and delays.
She said he always respected deadlines and was serious about his work.
"My husband was one of the most considered architects in the world," Ms Tagliabuie said.
"I had to look at what the world was thinking when he died.
"This was a great disaster, but it was also a great surprise at the admiration which was extremely high.
"My husband was a fantastic architect, independent of the Scottish Parliament project."
The new Scottish Parliament building was completed three years late at a cost of £431m.