First Minister Jack McConnell has announced his ministerial team for the new Scottish Parliament.
BBC News Online looks at the senior cabinet members in the new-look Scottish Executive.
Jack McConnell was elected first minister by a majority of MSPs and sworn in to the post.
Jack McConnell: First Minister
His party, Labour, is the single biggest group in the new Scottish Parliament.
But with no overall control, he agreed to a second coalition deal with the Liberal Democrats since the parliament was formed in 1999.
The Motherwell and Wishaw MSP served as finance minister and then education minister before his elevation in the wake of former first minister Henry McLeish's resignation.
He is a former general secretary of the Scottish Labour Party and co-ordinated Labour's Yes Yes devolution referendum campaign.
Jim Wallace is leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats and deputy first minister in the coalition administration.
Jim Wallace: Enterprise Minister
The Orkney MSP has been given the enterprise portfolio, a post which had been held by Iain Gray who lost his seat at the May 2003 election.
For the first four years of the new parliament he was justice minister.
Mr Wallace has stepped in as acting first minister pending the successors to the late Donald Dewar and most recent incumbent Henry McLeish and has won praise for his handling of the role.
He was elected leader of the Scottish Lib Dems in 1992.
A qualified QC, he decided to pursue his political career in the new Scottish Parliament in 1999.
Cathy Jamieson is a close political colleague of Mr McConnell and was brought into the cabinet after his elevation to first minister.
Cathy Jamieson: Justice Minister
She moves from her role as education minister to justice minister.
The Carrick, Cumnock and Doon Valley MSP is deputy leader of the Scottish Labour Party.
A graduate in fine art and social work, she started off as an art therapist and had a particular interest in working with young people at risk.
Mrs Jamieson was formerly principal of the Who Cares? Scotland organisation, working for young people in care, and was elected to the Scottish Parliament in 1999.
Peter Peacock was the deputy minister for finance and public services in the last cabinet.
Peter Peacock: education Minister
He has been promoted to education minister, a post he takes over from Cathy Jamieson who moves to justice.
Mr Peacock is MSP for Highlands and Islands and used to be a councillor and Labour council leader for Highland Council.
The politician was educated at Hawick High School and gained a diploma in youth work and community service at Jordanhill College.
He has worked as a community worker, area officer at the Citizens Advice Bureau and as a self employed consultant.
He is a former member of Scottish Natural Heritage, the Post Office Board for Scotland, European Committee of Regions and the Council of Europe - Local Authority Chamber.
Malcolm Chisholm: Health Minister
Malcolm Chisholm took over as health minister in Mr McConnell's first cabinet, replacing Susan Deacon.
He remains in the post in the 2003 cabinet.
Mr Chisholm, the Labour MSP for Edinburgh North and Leith, had previously served as the deputy minister for health and community care.
The former teacher is another politician who gave up his seat at Westminster to serve in the Scottish Parliament.
He had served as a junior Scottish Office minister after the 1997 general election but resigned shortly afterwards in a row over payments to single parent families.
Ross Finnie: Rural Affairs Minister
Ross Finnie is another member of the Scottish cabinet to remain in post and maintain his portfolio as minister for rural affairs and the environment.
The Liberal Democrat list MSP for the West of Scotland faced a tough time in which Scottish farming was ravaged by foot-and-mouth disease.
He has also been involved with contentious issues surrounding European fish quotas.
Mr Finnie was chairman of the Scottish Liberal Party from 1982 to 1986 and spearheaded the Scottish Liberal Democrats' general election campaign from 1995 to 1997.
He has been in the Scottish cabinet since 1999.
Andy Kerr: Finance Minister
Andy Kerr was a new face in the Scottish cabinet when Mr McConnell took over as leader two years ago.
He replaced Angus MacKay as minister for finance and public services and has retained the post.
A McConnell loyalist, it was expected that the East Kilbride MSP would remain inside the power house.
He was convener of the transport and environment committee in the parliament.
Mr Kerr formerly worked in Glasgow Council's land services department and was UK secretary of the National Association of Direct Labour Organisations between 1991 and 1992 and Scottish secretary from 1994 until 1997.
He then became advisor to the then Glasgow City Council leader Frank McAveety and was elected an MSP in 1999.
Frank McAveety: Deputy Tourism Minister
Frank McAveety was deputy minister for health and community care in the last Scottish Executive.
He has been given the tourism portfolio, a post which has been demoted from a full ministerial to a deputy ministerial role within the cabinet.
The MSP for Glasgow Shettleston was a councillor for Glasgow District Council from 1988-95 and Glasgow City Council from 1995-99.
A secondary school teacher from 1984-98, he was involved with the arts and culture committee from 1992-97 where he was initially a vice convenor then progressed to be convenor.
Margaret Curran: Communities Minister
Margaret Curran was social justice minister in the last McConnell cabinet.
She retains that role, although the title of the post has changed to communities minister.
Before politics she was a lecturer in community education and an election agent.
Ms Curran graduated from Glasgow University where she studied History and Economic History.
She has a wide-ranging experience of local government and community education work.
The renamed post will include responsibilities for anti-social behaviour, poverty, housing and area regeneration, the voluntary sector, religious and faith organisations and charity law.
Nicol Stephen is a new Liberal Democrat addition to the 2003 cabinet.
Nicol Stephen: Deputy Transport Minister
He has become deputy minister for transport. Although a newly designated deputy role, with a deputy salary attached, the post will be a cabinet one.
The MSP for Aberdeen South will oversee transport policy and delivery, public transport, road, rail services, lifeline air and ferry services.
Patricia Ferguson became minister with responsibility for parliamentary business in Mr McConnell's last cabinet.
Patricia Ferguson: Parliament Minister
She retains that position.
Mrs Ferguson had been appointed as one of two deputy presiding officers when the Scottish Parliament opened in 1999.
The Glasgow Maryhill MSP is a former NHS administrator, who also worked for the Scottish TUC and the Labour Party in Glasgow.
She was a key figure in Jack McConnell's leadership campaign.
Colin Boyd: Lord Advocate
Colin Boyd QC remains as Scotland's Lord Advocate.
He has had a testing time since taking over from predecessor Lord Hardie as head of the prosecution service in Scotland.
Mr Boyd oversaw the conviction of one man for the Lockerbie bombing and conceded that the prosecution system failed the family of Asian waiter Surjit Singh Chhokar following two inquiries into his death.
He began as a solicitor in private practice before being called to the Scottish Bar in 1983.
Mr Boyd served as an advocate depute from 1993 to 1995 and took silk in 1995.
Elish Angiolini: Solicitor General
Elish Angiolini made legal and political history by becoming Scotland's first woman Solicitor General in November 2001.
She retains the post in Jack McConnell's new Scottish Cabinet.
Mrs Angiolini was also the first solicitor to be appointed to the post and the first person to be chosen from the Crown Office and the procurator fiscal service.
She spent much of her career in the procurator fiscal service. She was the regional procurator fiscal based in Aberdeen for Grampian and the Highlands and Islands.
Mrs Angiolini will again be responsible for the operational side of the Crown Office and the fiscal service.
She will also be responsible for complaints against police.
Mr McConnell also announced the appointment of seven deputy ministers.
They are Mary Mulligan at communities, Hugh Henry at justice, Allan Wilson at environment, Lewis Macdonald at enterprise, Euan Robson at education, Tom McCabe at health and
Tavish Scott at finance.