Page last updated at 12:14 GMT, Tuesday, 25 November 2008

At-a-glance: Pre-Budget report

Here are the key points from Chancellor Alistair Darling's 2009 pre-Budget report:

ECONOMY

The chancellor said UK GDP contracted by 0.5% in the three months to September and economic growth this year is forecast to be 0.75% - down from the 2.5% he predicted in March. He slashed economic growth forecasts for 2009 from 2.75% to between minus 0.75% and minus 1.25%. Inflation is forecast to come down sharply, reaching 0.5% by the end of next year. In 2010 growth is forecast at between 1.5% and 2% - Mr Darling said the economy would continue to recover after that. He told MPs the PBR represented a 20bn fiscal stimulus between now and April 2010, 1% of GDP.

BORROWING

Borrowing will be taken to record levels, reaching 78bn this year - up from the 43bn he predicted earlier this year - and up to 118bn next year - equivalent to 8% of GDP. Mr Darling said that was the "right choice for the country". He said borrowing would fall from 2010 to 105bn, then to 87bn, 70bn and then 54bn so by 2016 Britain would once again be borrowing only to invest. UK net debt as a share of GDP will be 41% this year, 48% next year, then 53% and 57% in subsequent years.

SPENDING
3bn capital spending is to be brought forward from 2010/11. The money will be used to increase motorway capacity, improve and build new social housing, renew primary and secondary schools and invest in energy efficiency measures. But there will be a sharp cut in the rate of growth in public spending, now expected to grow by 1.2% per year, a sharp decrease from the 1.8% previously planned. In addition, the government has pencilled in 5bn in efficiency savings by 2011.

VAT

VAT to be cut from 17.5% to 15% from 1 December 2008 until 31 December 2009. The chancellor urges retailers to pass it on as soon as they can. Alcohol and tobacco prices will not fall as duty on them will be increased to match the VAT cut.

INCOME TAX

A new 45% higher income tax rate is proposed for earnings above 150,000 from April 2011. Mr Darling says it will impact on 1% of people. The 120 rebate for basic rate taxpayers, introduced in the wake of the 10p tax row, is made permanent and increased to 145 from April. Mr Darling says it will benefit 22 million households - an extra 500,000 - "not just this year but for good".

NATIONAL INSURANCE

From April 2011 all rates of National Insurance contributions are to be increased by 0.5% for all employees and employers. The starting point is to be raised to that of income tax - Mr Darling says no-one on less than 20,000 will see their NI contributions increase.

TAX CREDITS AND ALLOWANCES

The pension credit will be increased in April from 124 to 130 a week for individuals and from 189 to 198 for couples. State pensions to rise in line with highest rate of inflation, from 90.70 to 95.25 for a single person. Pension and child benefit increases will take effect in January, three months early, and every pensioner gets a one-off payment of 60 from January while couples get 120. Tax relief for people with up to 1.8m in pension funds is extended until 2016. A means-tested savings scheme will be offered to up to eight million people on low-incomes or benefits from 2010 in which the government provides 50p for every pound saved. The maximum government contribution will be 300 per person and the scheme will be available through a range of banks, building societies and credit unions as well as the Post Office.

FUEL AND VEHICLE EXCISE DUTY

The differential first-year rates on new cars will go ahead in April 2010 - but controversial new rates for older cars will be phased in. Duty rates for all cars will only increase by maximum of 5 from next year. In 2010 the maximum rise will be limited to 30 per car, rather than 90. Less polluting cars will see no increase, or a cut of up to 30. A fuel duty rise will match the VAT cut, leaving drivers no worse off. However planned future rises in petrol costs, together with the end of the VAT cut by 2010, could lead a rising price for fuel.

AIR PASSENGER DUTY

While there had been support to reform APD to become a "tax per plane" rather than per person, the chancellor said that could harm the aviation industry which was facing "huge problems". Instead APD is to be reformed so that those who travel the furthest - and who have a bigger environmental impact - meet the cost, he said.

GREEN MEASURES

An extra 100m is to be provided, with a further 50m brought forward, to help 60,000 more households insulate their homes. Mr Darling said the government would invest 535m more quickly on energy efficiency, rail transport and environmental protection.


BUSINESS TAXES

Exemption for foreign dividends for large and medium sized businesses confirmed, introduced in 2009. Small firms to get a temporary increase in threshold for empty property relief - for 2009/10 empty commercial properties with a rateable value below 15,000 exempt from business rates. Also struggling businesses will be able to spread their VAT, corporation tax and NI contribution payments over a longer timetable. Rise in corporation tax for small firms from 21p to 22p - planned for April 2009 - will be deferred. Tax repayment scheme for previously profitable businesses will be extended so up to 50,000 of losses can be offset against profits made over last three years. A 4bn deal has been agreed with the European Investment Bank to provide money to UK banks to pass onto small and medium-sized businesses.

HOUSING MARKET

Major mortgage providers have agreed to wait three months after falling into arrears before initiating repossession proceedings. The government will also seek European Commission approval to help the mortgage market by providing for a temporary period guarantees for securities backed by new mortgages. From January, those who have mortgages of up to 200,000 will be eligible for a state benefit which pays the interest on their mortgage, a doubling of the current cap of 100,000. The waiting time to receive this benefit once an application has been made will be cut in April from 39 weeks to 13 weeks.

EMPLOYMENT

New initiative to fill 500,000 job vacancies with 20 major employers by speeding up recruitment and improving access to training. A rapid response service will expand to help those thrown out of work in all redundancies. There will also be 15m funding for free debt advice.

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