Mr Brown said the supply of new homes had not matched demand
The UK property market is likely to bounce back before those of other countries because "we failed" to build enough houses, Gordon Brown has said.
The prime minister told a City audience the US and Spain had "overbuilt" homes during the years of rising prices.
In contrast the UK had a "pent-up demand", as not enough had been built.
He said the UK problem was not shortage of demand for homes at "the right prices" but a shortage of mortgages "at the right prices for people to buy".
Mr Brown was speaking during a question and answer session at Reuters in London after a speech focusing on the £37bn bank rescue plans unveiled earlier on Monday.
Spain and US
The package - which also includes guarantees of inter-bank lending - is designed to restore financial stability and to encourage the resumption of more lending to business and to people who want mortgages.
Property prices have fallen from record highs over the past 12 months in the UK and in many other countries.
Mr Brown's government had been seeking to increase the numbers of homes being built in recent years, but the prime minister admitted that "we failed over many years to build enough houses to meet the need that was there".
He said 200,000 homes a year had been built in the UK when there was a demand for 300,000.
That was in contrast with the US and Spain during the boom years where, he said, "they over-built... prices will come down because of that and the market will start up again at a new level".
"I think the housing market in Britain therefore has a better chance of starting more quickly again than the housing market in the States (US) or Spain - but that's a relative judgement," Mr Brown added.
The government wants RBS and Lloyds TSB to boost loans to house buyers and small businesses as a condition of its injection of £37bn.
But the Council of Mortgage Lenders said the government's plan for major banks to return lending to 2007 levels was "not prudent or desirable".
The plan would not fit with the picture of falling house prices and low demand, it added.