He said it was "positive" that the prime minister wanted "personalised public services".
But he questioned why the government would not back Tory plans to "bust open the state monopoly in education" and to extend the "right to buy" for social housing tenants.
And he said some bills were to "clear up the mess of the last decade" - including what he called a broken promise on ending mixed sex NHS wards and the because the government "completely failed to plan for" the scale of immigration.
"It is another relaunch, and he's had to bring it forward. He's still struggling to implement last year's Queen's Speech - no solution to [the row over holding terror suspects for] 42 days, still re-writing last year's Budget, whole bills, badly drafted still stuck in the House of Lords."
This is the Conservative Party so full of contradictions that they are unable to put forward a policy for the future of this country
He said the speech was about the "short term political survival" of the prime minister.
"After yesterday's U-turn, today's Queen's Speech is just another attempt to save the prime minister's skin and it won't wash. People can see a government, not just a prime minister, that has run out of road, run out of money, run out of ideas," Mr Cameron said.
Mr Brown said if he had followed the Conservatives' advice none of the major legislation going through the Commons this year - on energy, planning, ID cards and airports - would have gone through.
"If we had taken the advice of the Conservative Party, they would've put all the tax cuts into stamp duty on shares and into inheritance tax, instead of helping 22m people as we have done today," he said.
He accused Mr Cameron of voting against flexible working, opposing more banking regulation and opposing the minimum wage, tax credits and the new deal.
"This is the Conservative Party so full of contradictions that they are unable to put forward a policy for the future of this country."
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