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Monday, 17 December, 2001, 04:53 GMT
Brown takes 'Marshall Plan' to US
Archbishop George Carey, Gordon Brown, Rabbi Jonathan Sacks and Archbishop Cormac Murphy-O'Connor
Gordon Brown wants to raise UK aid
Chancellor Gordon Brown is taking the United Nations' "new Marshall Plan" to Washington DC.

He will urge a US audience to back the UN's plan to dramatically increase the amount of aid rich nations give to the developing world.

Mr Brown has backed a plan by former Mexican president Ernesto Zedillo to increase aid by $50bn (35bn) a year.


America's post-war achievement in what we now call the Marshall Plan should be an inspiration

Gordon Brown
In Monday's speech the chancellor will argue that the huge increase is needed to make significant progress against infant mortality, child poverty and educational deprivation.

"The American government over the last few months has built a global alliance for peace...equally we can now build a global alliance for prosperity," Chancellor Gordon Brown told the BBC.

In his speech, he will liken his proposal to the post-World War II Marshall Plan, under which the United States transferred 5% of its national income to the conflict-ravaged countries of Europe for a period of four years in order to aid economic recovery.

"America's post-war achievement in what we now call the Marshall Plan should be an inspiration in this post-Cold War world, not just for the reconstruction of Afghanistan, but for the entire developing world," Mr Brown will tell an audience at Washington's Press Club.

Corruption-free policies

"Fifty years on we not only see more clearly our interdependence, but the gap between what technology enables us to do - abolish poverty - and the reality of 110 million children without schooling, seven million avoidable child deaths each year and a billion of our citizens in poverty."

Developing countries, Mr Brown will argue, have to pursue corruption-free policies to promote stability, and encourage investment by opening up trade.

He will add: "In return, we should be prepared to increase by $50bn a year vitally needed funds until 2015."

Street child in Canada
Campaigners have pressed the UK to cancel third world debts
Just as an international coalition had to be forged to combat the threat of terrorism, so it would take a multinational effort "to win the peace".

The investment plan is needed to meet the UN's 2015 targets for poverty reduction, reducing infant mortality by two-thirds and providing universal primary education.

Mr Brown's proposal is directed mainly at the US, which has been criticised for the low percentage of national income which it devotes to foreign aid.

In his own pre-Budget report, Mr Brown promised that Britain would raise the percentage of gross domestic product which it invests in foreign aid from the current 0.3% towards the UN target for developed countries of 0.7%.

 WATCH/LISTEN
 ON THIS STORY
The BBC's Stephen Evans
"Mr Brown wants a big increase of grants and loans"
UK Chancellor Gordon Brown
"It is a huge opportunity"
See also:

27 Nov 01 | Business
Brown pressed to give green Budget
19 Nov 01 | UK Politics
US cool towards UK aid proposal
01 Oct 01 | Business
Poverty warning after US attacks
02 Jul 01 | Business
UN calls for globalisation summit
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